- English Grammar A2 Level - https://open.books4languages.com/english-a2-grammar -

Verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives

Introduction

There are some verbs that need to be followed by a gerund [1] or infinitive [2].

Form

Some verbs are used with gerunds and some with infinitive. There is no rule to distinguish them, therefore you need to learn them by heart.

The verbs followed by a gerund [1] (a verb acting as a noun) or infinitive [2] (the basic form of the verb preceded by to) have these structures:

  • The most commonly used verbs + gerund [verb + -ing] are: admitavoidcelebratedislikegive upmiss, suggesttolerate
  • The most commonly used verbs + infinitive [to + verb] are: agreecaredecidehopemanagepretendseemwait

Example

Verbs + gerund

  • They admitted having separated.
  • He avoided saying his nationality.
  • She celebrated passing her driving test.

Verbs + infinitive

  • We agreed to pay for the end of the year party.
  • She just doesn’t care to be present at the birth.
  • decided to travel for a year.

Use

We use verb + gerund/infinitive if we want to follow a verb with another action.

NOTE: We can use a gerund or an infinitive after a verb, but not always the meaning would be the same.

Summary

Certain verbs need to be followed by a gerund [1] (verbs acting as nouns) or an infinitive [2] (to + verb). There is no rule regarding this topic, therefore you need to learn them off by heart.

  • The most commonly used verbs followed by gerund are: admit, avoid, celebrate, dislike, give up, miss, suggest, tolerate
  • The most commonly used verbs followed by infinitive are: agree, care, decide, hope, manage, pretend, seem, wait

For example:
— “I admit loving you.” = The verb admit is followed by a gerund.
— “I decided to marry him.” = The verb decide is followed by an infinitive.

NOTE: In some situations, the meaning is different.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.