Unit 5.2

Verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives

Verb Phrase

There are some verbs that need to be followed by a gerund or infinitive.

Some verbs are used with gerunds and some with infinitive. There is no rule to distinguish them, therefore you need to learn them by heart.

The verbs followed by a gerund (a verb acting as a noun) or infinitive (the basic form of the verb preceded by to) have these structures:

  • The most commonly used verbs + gerund [verb + -ing] are: admitavoidcelebratedislikegive upmiss, suggesttolerate
  • The most commonly used verbs + infinitive [to + verb] are: agreecaredecidehopemanagepretendseemwait

Verbs + gerund

  • They admitted having separated.
  • He avoided saying his nationality.
  • She celebrated passing her driving test.

Verbs + infinitive

  • We agreed to pay for the end of the year party.
  • She just doesn’t care to be present at the birth.
  • decided to travel for a year.

We use verb + gerund/infinitive if we want to follow a verb with another action.

NOTE: We can use a gerund or an infinitive after a verb, but not always the meaning would be the same.

Certain verbs need to be followed by a gerund (verbs acting as nouns) or an infinitive (to + verb). There is no rule regarding this topic, therefore you need to learn them off by heart.

  • The most commonly used verbs followed by gerund are: admit, avoid, celebrate, dislike, give up, miss, suggest, tolerate
  • The most commonly used verbs followed by infinitive are: agree, care, decide, hope, manage, pretend, seem, wait

For example:
— “I admit loving you.” = The verb admit is followed by a gerund.
— “I decided to marry him.” = The verb decide is followed by an infinitive.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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