Unit 5.1

Active and Passive Adjectives


Adjectives are determiners that can be placed in two different positions within a sentence to modify or describe a person or a thing.

Adjectives can be used with active or passive voice.

The active and passive adjectives can be created as follows:

  • Active adjectives with suffix -ing;
  • Passive adjectives with suffix -ed.
  • Active adjectives
    • Her answer was amazing!
    • The film is so boring!
    • They found the topic very interesting.
  • Passive adjectives
    • We were amazed by her answer.
    • I don’t like this film, I’m bored.
    • They were interested in the topic.

We use active adjectives to express that somebody or something is causing a particular effect.

We use passive adjectives to express that somebody or something is experiencing a feeling or emotion.

Adjectives can be used either in an active or passive voice, with a significant difference in meaning.

  • Active adjectives, with suffix -ing, express the idea of something or someone causing a particular event or effect;
  • Passive adjectives, with suffix -ed, express the idea of something or someone experiencing a particular event or effect.

For example:
— “This class was boring!” = The class causes the boring situation.
— “I was bored during the lesson.” = I am the one who experiences the action and gets bored.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.


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