Unit 1.1

Present Perfect Interrogative

Tenses

The present perfect is a tense used to express completed actions which have occurred in the past, are connected to the present and still have effects on it.

When expressed in its interrogative form, the verb is used to ask questions.

The present perfect, in its interrogative form, has this structure:
Have + subject + past participle + …?

HaveSubjectPast ParticipleQuestion
Mark
HaveI/youworked?
Hashe/she/itworked?
Havewe/you/theyworked?

{Check the topic Past Participle to learn irregular verbs}.

Past situations with results in the present

  • Have I been lucky?
  • Has he been born?
  • Have we had the same experience?

Finished actions referring to life experiences up to now

  • Have I talked to her four times?
  • Has she visited this castle?
  • Have they travelled without their computer?

We use present perfect, in its interrogative form, to ask about:

  1. Past situations with results in the present;
  2. Finished actions referring to life experience up to now.

We use the present perfect, in the interrogative form, to ask about completed actions which have occurred in the past, are connected to the present and still have effects on it.

When we use the present perfect in its interrogative form, we start with have followed by the subject and a past participle (the sentence ends with a question mark). In the third person singular, we use has.

NOTE: The past participle is usually used to form the perfect tenses, and it indicates past or completed actions. It is formed by adding -d or -ed to the base form of regular verbs, whereas irregular verbs have different forms which need to be studied by heart.

For example:
— “Has it rained the whole morning?” = We use the present perfect because the past action still has effects on the present (for example, the streets are still wet).
♦ “Did it rain the whole morning?” = We use the past simple because the past action is finished and there’s no need to emphasise its effects on the present.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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