Unit 6.2

Prepositions of Movement


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Introduction

Prepositions are small words that connect elements in a sentence. They are essential because they provide additional details about the sentence.

We use prepositions of movement to express movement or directions.

Form

Prepositions of movement don’t stand alone but act with other elements of the sentence.

Their use depends on:

  1. movement to or from a place: to, from, down, up, away from
  2. movement from one side to another: across, along
  3. changing position: in/into, on/onto, out of, off, over, under

Example

1. Movement to or from a place:

  • Northern wind goes to Turkey every winter.
  • My mother came from the garden.
  • The baby pig fell down the stairs.
  • I’m going up to the second floor to see the sky.
  • Get away from the olive trees!

2. Movement from one side to another:

  • Be careful when you go across the streets.
  • Every Sunday we go for a walk along the coast.

3. Changing position:

  • I went into the room to change clothes. 
  • My sister’s cat always jumps on the table.
  • Your dog is out of your apartment right now.
  • Can you get off the bed and go to the supermarket, please?
  • The plane flies over the hill.
  • The subway runs under the street level.

Use

We use prepositions of movement to show movement from one place to another.

They can express:

  • movement to or from a place (to, from, down, up, away from…)
  • movement from one side to another (acrossalong…)
  • changing position (in/intoon/ontoout ofoffoverunder…)

Summary

Prepositions of movement are used to express movements or directions:

  • movement to or from a place: to, from, down, up, away from
  • movement from one side to another: across, along
  • changing position: in/into, on/onto, out of, off, over, under

For example:
— “I go to Ibiza every summer.” = We use to to express a change of position made to reach a specific destination.
— “Be careful when you go across the streets.” = We use across to express a change of position from a side to another through a path.
— “My grandfather walks in the living room.” = We use in to express a change of position to enter a 3-dimensional place.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

Exercises

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