="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="0 0 512 512">

Unit 9.1

Adverbs Formation

Adverbs

Adverbs are expressions that function as modifiers of other elements in the clause. They can provide a wide range of information.

Adverbs can be formed from adjectives according to their suffix. The various cases of the formation of adverbs are:

Regular

  • The adverbs are formed by just adding -ly to adjectives.
ADJECTIVEADVERB
badbadly
beautifulbeautifully
completecompletely
extremeextremely
slowslowly
  • Adjective with suffix -y : change to -i before adding -ly.
ADJECTIVEADVERB
easyeasily
happyhappily
nastynastily
  • If an adjective ends with consonant + -le, -e becomes -y.
ADJECTIVEADVERB
gentlegently 
idleidly
noblenobly
  • Adjective with suffix -ic: add -ally.
ADJECTIVEADVERB
drasticdrastically
enthusiasticenthusiastically
tragictragically

Irregular

ADJECTIVEADVERB
fullfully
publicpublicly
shyshyly
truetruly

Friendly and timely are adjectives and if we want to use them as adverbs, we follow these structures:

  • Friendly ⇒ in a friendly manner;
  • Timely ⇒ in a timely manner.

Regular

Most of the adverbs

  • He was answering slowly.

Adjective with suffix -y

  • She easily moved to another flat.

Adjective ending with consonant + -le, -e

  • She gently opened the pack of flour.
  • You idly ate that tin of tuna.

Adjective with suffix -ic

  • They enthusiastically made a jar of marmalade.

Irregular

  • She shyly asked a question.
  • We offered her some orange juice in a friendly manner.

An adverb is a word that describes or gives more information about a verb, adjective, phrase or another adverb.

Adverbs are expressions that function as modifiers of other elements in the clause. To make adverbs from adjectives we follow a general rule.

For example:
“Beautiful” ⇒ “I wrapped a box of biscuits beautifully.” = Add -ly;

There are some exceptions, depending on the ending of the adjectives.

For example:
— With suffix-y: “Easy ⇒  “I can easily drink alcoholic drinks.” = We change -y to -i and add -ly;
Consonant + -le: “Noble ⇒ “The knight who nobly fought was thirsty.” = We change -e to -y;
— With suffix -ic: “Drastic ⇒ “Steak prices drastically changed.” = We add -ally.

Some adverbs are irregular and there is no rule for their formation (fully, publiclyin a timely manner…).

For example:
— “Publicly” ⇒ “He publicly continued his speech.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. And take a look to the [Examples] that show its use within a context.

License

Adverbs Formation Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.