Adverbs Formation


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Introduction

Prilozi [adverbs] su riječi koje funkcioniraju kao modifikatori rečenica i rečeničnih dijelova. Pružaju širok spektar informacija.

Form

Prilozi se tvore od pridjeva ovisno o sufiksu. Različite tvorbe priloga:

Regular

  • Prilozi se tvore dodavanjem sufiksa -ly na pridjeve.
Adjective Adverb
bad badly
beautiful beautifully
complete completely
extreme extremely
slow slowly
  • Pridjev sa sufiksom -y : mijenjamo u -i i dodajemo -ly.
Adjective Adverb
easy easily
happy happily
nasty nastily
  • Ako pridjev završava na suglasnik + -le: -e mijenjamo u -y.
Adjective Adverb
gentle gently
idle idly
noble nobly
  • Pridjev sa sufiksom -ic: dodajemo -ally.
Adjective Adverb
drastic drastically
enthusiastic enthusiastically
tragic tragically

Irregular

Adjective Adverb
full fully
public publicly
shy shyly
true truly

Friendly i timely su pridjevi koji se, ako dolaze kao prilozi, koriste na ovaj način:

  • Friendly ⇒ in a friendly manner;
  • Timely ⇒ in a timely manner.

Example

Regular

Most of the adverbs

  • He was answering slowly.

Adjective with suffix -y

  • She easily moved to another flat.

Adjective ending with consonant + -le, -e

  • She gently opened the pack of flour.
  • You idly ate that tin of tuna.

Adjective with suffix -ic

  • They enthusiastically made a jar of marmalade.

Irregular

  • She shyly asked a question.
  • We offered her some orange juice in a friendly manner.

Use

Prilozi su riječi koje opisuju ili pružaju dodatne informacije o glagolima, pridjevima, frazama ili drugim prilozima.

Summary

Prilozi [adverbs] su riječi koje funkcioniraju kao modifikatori rečenica i rečeničnih dijelova. Za tvorbu priloga iz pridjeva slijedi se opće pravilo.

Naprimjer:
“Beautiful” ⇒ “I wrapped a box of biscuits beautifully.” = Dodajemo -ly;

Iznimke postoje ovisno o sufiksu pridjeva.

Naprimjer:
Sufiks -y: “Easy ⇒ “I can easily drink alcoholic drinks.” = Mijenjamo -y u -i i dodajemo -ly;
Suglasnik + -le: “Noble ⇒ “The knight who nobly fought was thirsty.” = Mijenjamo -e u -y;
Sufiks -ic: “Drastic ⇒ “Steak prices drastically changed.” = Dodajemo -ally.

Neki prilozi su nepravilni te za njih ne postoji čvrsto pravilo tvorbe (fully, publicly, in a timely manner…).

Naprimjer:
“Publicly” ⇒ “He publicly continued his speech.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

Exercises


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Translations


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