Prepositions of Time


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Introduction

Prijedlozi [prepositions] su riječi koje spajaju dijelove rečenice. Bitni su jer omogućuju dodatna objašnjenja smještajući radnju, ljude i predmete u prostorne i vremenske okvire.

Prijedlozi mjesta [prepositions of time] se koriste za smještanje radnje u vremenski okvir.

Form

Prijedlozi mjesta ne stoje sami već u kombinaciji s drugim rečeničnim dijelovima stvaraju prijedložne izraze [prepositional phrases]: at, on, in i by.

Example

At

  • Everyday at 7.00 clock I can see the stars.
  • He is going to the forest at Easter.
  • At weekends we take the dogs for a walk.

On

  • On Sundays, I usually relax with my friends by going to the coast.
  • She was born on the 1st of September in 1997.
  • The island sank on Sunday morning.

In

  • I always travel to famous forests in Finland in November.
  • In autumn it always rains.
  • In the evening the horses started to run.

By

  • Please, send me those tickets by Monday.
  • She has to finish her world map by next week.
  • Is Maria still in the garden? Yes, she will be back by evening.

Use

Prijedlozi mjesta pružaju informaciju o određenom vremenskom periodu radnje.

At

  • Točno određeno vrijeme (the momentsunrise, noon, night, midnight, hours);
  • Praznici (Christmas*, Easter…);
  • Vikend*.

On

  • Dani u tjednu (Monday, Saturday, Wednesday…);
  • Datumi;
  • Doba dana (on Sunday morning).

In

  • Mjeseci, godine, stoljeća;
  • Razdoblja;
  • Jutro, popodne, večer.

By

  • Vremenski ograničene radnje;
  • Rokovi;
  • Vrijeme povratka.

*U američkom engleskom umjesto on koristi se i at.

Summary

Prijedlozi mjesta [prepositions of time] se koriste za smještanje radnje u vremenski okvir.

Glavni prijedlozi mjesta su:

  • At: određeno vrijeme, praznici, vikend.
  • On: dani u tjednu, datumi, doba dana.
  • In: mjeseci, godine, razdoblja, stoljeća, jutro, popodne, večer.
  • By: vremenski ograničene radnje, rokovi, vrijeme povratka.

Naprimjer:
— “I will go to my grandparents’ house at Christmas.”
— “I will go to my grandparents’ house on 25th of December.”
— “I will go to my grandparents’ house in December.”
— “I will return from my grandparent´s house by December.”

NAPOMENA: U američkom engleskom Božić i vikendi mogu se koristi s on umjesto at.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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