Should vs Ought to


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Introduction

Shouldought to pripadaju grupi pomoćnih modalnih glagola koji sami nemaju značenje, ali mogu oblikovati glavni glagol tako da mu mijenjaju značenje i daju više informacija o njegovoj radnji.

Shouldought to se koriste za izricanje obaveza ili dužnosti kroz savjete ili preporuke.

Form

Shouldought to uvijek su praćeni infinitivom glagola. Imaju istu formu čak i u trećem licu jedninu.

Potvrdni oblici:

  • Should: Subject + should + infinitive + …
  • Ought to: Subject + ought to + infinitive + …

Negativni oblici:

  • Should: Subject + should + not + infinitive + …
  • Ought to: Subject + ought + not + to + infinitive + …

Upitni oblici:

  • Should: Should + subject + infinitive + …?
  • Ought to: Ought + subject + to + infinitive + …?

Example

Should

  • We should go now. / We should to go now.
  • We shouldn’t go now.
  • Should we go now?

Ought to

  • We ought to go now. / We ought go now.
  • We oughtn’t to go now.
  • Ought we to go now?

Use

Ovi modalni glagoli imaju slično značenje i mogu stajati jedan umjesto drugog. Nemaju toliko jako značenje kao glagol must. 

Ipak, should se koristi češće i nije toliko formalan kao ought to. Ought se gotovo nikad ne koristi u  negativnom i upitnom obliku.

Summary

Shouldought to se koriste za izricanje obaveza ili dužnosti kroz savjete ili preporuke.

Razlikuju se u korištenju iako imaju slična značenja.

  • Should se koristi češće i manje je formalan.
  • Ought to se koristi vrlo rijetko, posebice u negativnom i upitnom obliku.

Naprimjer:
—  “You should apologize.”/“You ought to apologize.”

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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Translations


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