Future with Will or Be going to


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Introduction

Buduće vrijeme ili futur [future] je glagolsko vrijeme koje se koristi za izricanje ili predviđanje budućih događaja.

Jednostavno buduće vrijeme [future simple] je glagolsko vrijeme koje se koristi za izricanje predviđanja, vjerovanja i namjera u budućnosti {vidi Future Simple, A2 level}.

Be going to je struktura koja se koristi za izricanje budućeg vremena {vidi Be going to, A1 level}.

Form

Simple future (will) i be going to imaju različite strukture:

Potvrdni oblici:

  • Simple future: Subject + will + verb + …
  • Be going to to: Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

Negativni oblici:

  • Simple future: Subject + will + not + verb + …
  • Be going to: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

Upitni oblici:

  • Simple future: Will + subject + verb + …?
  • Be going to: To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

Example

Simple future:

  1. Odluke u trenutku govorenja
    • We don’t have any bread for dinner. I will go and buy some.
  2. Predviđanja bazirana na mišljenjima
    • I think this blouse won’t be tight on me.
  3. Pozivi
    • Will you come with us?
  4. Zahtjevi
    • It’s cold. Will you close the window?
  5. Ponude
    • I will help you find your student card.
  6. Uz: probably, certainly, perhaps
    • I will certainly come to the party.
  7. Obećanja
    • I promise I will never do it again!
  8. Potrebe/obaveze/budući događaji
    • You will have to pay with cash if you buy clothes under 50 euros.
  9. Prijetnje
    • If you don’t take off my jacket, I will not talk to you again.

Be going to:

  1. Odluke prije trenutka govorenja/planirane radnje
    • We don’t have paper for the printer. I am going to get some.
  2. Predviđanja bazirana na činjenicama o bliskoj budućnosti
    • This business isn’t going to close. They have customers.

Use

Simple future koristimo za izricanje:

  1. Odluka u trenutku govorenja;
  2. Predviđanja baziranim na mišljenjima;
  3. Poziva;
  4. Zahtjeva;
  5. Ponuda;
  6. Rečenica uz koje koristimo: probably, certainly, perhaps;
  7. Obećanja;
  8. Potreba/obaveza/budućih događaja;
  9. Prijetnji.

Be going to se koristi za izricanje:

  1. Odluka prije trenutka govorenja/planiranih radnji;
  2. Predviđanja baziranih na činjenicama o bliskoj budućnosti.

Summary

Jednostavno buduće vrijeme [future simple] (will) i be going to su dva oblika u futuru, koja se razlikuju u značenju i tvorbi.

Naprimjer:
— “Probably this printer will cost you 70 euros. I heard that it is the usual price.” = Koristimo future simple jer nismo sigurni za cijenu, već je samo pogađamo.
— “This printer is going to cost 70 euros. I checked the price tag.” = Koristimo be going to jer smo sigurni za cijenu.

NAPOMENA: Poneke situacije zahtijevaju be going to, a neke future simple.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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