Have to: Modals of Obligation


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Introduction

Modalni glagol [modal verb] je vrsta pomoćnog glagola koji sam nema značenje, ali može oblikovati glavni glagol tako da mu mijenja značenje i daje više informacija o njegovoj radnji.

Have to je modalni glagol koji se koristi za izricanje sigurnosti u nešto, potrebe ili čvrste obaveze koje dolaze izvana i nisu rezultat osobnog mišljenja.

Form

Modalni glagol have to se koristi u tri oblika:

Affirmative

Struktura u potvrdnom obliku:
Subject + have/has to + verb + …

  • Have/has: u potvrdnom obliku se treće lice jednine mijenja iz havehas.
Subject have/has to Verb
I/You have to work
He/She/It has to work
We/You/They have to work

Negative

Struktura u negativnom obliku:
Subject + do/does + not + have to + verb + …

  • Do/does: u negativnom obliku se treće lice jednine mijenja iz do u does;
  • Skraćeni negativni oblik jednak je skraćenom obliku u present simplu: I don’t – you don’t – he doesn’t…
Subject do/does + not have to Verb
I/You do not have to work
He/She/It does not have to work
We/You/They do not have to work

Interrogative

Struktura u upitnom obliku:
Do/Does + subject + have to + verb + …?

  • Do/does: u upitnom obliku se treće lice jednine mijenja iz do does.
Do/Does Subject have to Verb Question
Mark
Do I/you have to work ?
Does he/she/it have to work ?
Do we/you/they have to work ?

Example

  1. Sigurnost u nešto/očekivanje nečega s razlogom
    • This has to be her flat! She said it’s floor 2, flat 13.
    • This house doesn’t have to be in a good state.
    • Do they have to be rich? They live in a luxury flat in the city center.
  2.  Čvrsta obaveza
    • The owner said I have to move to another house.
    • She doesn’t have to clean the kid’s clothes everyday.
    • Do we have to clean the mess we made in the kitchen?
  3. Potreba
    • I have to buy a new fridge, the one I have is broken.
    • Alissa doesn’t have to search for a student flat.
    • Do they have to paint the walls?
  4. Ne-zabrana (negativni oblik)
    • We don´t have to ride a horse.
    • He doesn’t have to clean his room.
    • They don´t have to return from the island?

Use

Have to koristimo za prikazivanje obaveza koje su nametnute izvana. Koristi se kada:

  1. Postoji razlog za iščekivanje nečega ili kad smo sigurni u nešto (potvrdni, negativni i upitni oblik);
  2. Se izriče čvrsta obaveza (potvrdni i upitni oblik);
  3. Se izriče potreba (potvrdni, negativni i upitni oblik);
  4. Nešto nije potrebno ili obvezujuće (negativni oblik).

Summary

Modalni glagol have to se koristi za izricanje sigurnosti u nešto, potrebe ili čvrste obaveze koje dolaze izvana i nisu rezultat osobnog mišljenja.

Strukture:

  • Potvrdni oblik: Subject + have/has to + verb + …
  • Negativni oblik: Subject + do/does + not + have to + verb + …
  • Upitni oblik: Do/does + subject + have to + verb + …?

Naprimjer:
— Potvrdni oblik: “have to go to school every day.” = Subjekt mora ići u školu svaki dan.
— Negativni oblik: “She doesn’t have to go to school every day.” = Subjekt ne mora ići u školu svaki dan.
— Upitni oblik: “Does she have to go to school every day?” = Postavlja se pitanje mora li subjekt ići u školu svaki dan.

NAPOMENA: Don’t have to (negativni oblik glagola have to) uobičajeno označava da neku radnju nije potrebno izvršiti.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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