May: Modals of Possibility


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Introduction

Modalni glagol [modal verb] je vrsta pomoćnog glagola koji sam nema značenje, ali može oblikovati glavni glagol tako da mu mijenja značenje i daje više informacija o njegovoj radnji.

May je vrsta pomoćnog modalnog glagola koji se koristi za izricanje mogućnosti nekog događaja te za traženje ili davanje dopuštenja.

Form

May je uvijek isti, čak i u trećem licu jednine. Njegovu strukturu nalazimo u tri oblika:

Affirmative

Struktura u potvrdnom obliku:
Subject + may + verb + …

Subject may Verb
I/You may work
He/She/It may work
We/You/They may work

Negative

Struktura u negativnom obliku:
Subject + may + not + verb + …

Subject may + not Verb (infinitive)
I/You may not work
He/She/It may not work
We/You/They may not work

Interrogative

Struktura u upitnom obliku:
May + subject + verb + …?

May Subject Verb Question
Mark
May I/you work ?
May he/she/it work ?
May we/you/they work ?

Example

Affirmative

  1. Dopuštenje
    • You may take this plate.
    • She may answer the phone.
    • They may travel by plane.
  2.  Nesigurnost/mogućnost
    • I’m afraid I may be late.
    • Susana may come to see you tomorrow.
    • There may be too many people at the post office.
  3. Želja ili nada
    • May the force be with you.
    • May you both be happy together.
    • May we have rain this year.

Negative

  • You may not answer the phone call!
  • She may not leave a message.
  • I’m afraid that we may not interview the director.

Interrogative

  • May I answer an important phone call?
  • May she leave you a message?
  • May we interview the director?

Use

May, u potvrdnom obliku, koristimo kad:

  1. Dajemo ili tražimo dopuštenja;
  2. Nismo sigurni za nešto;
  3. Izričemo želju ili nadu.

May, u negativnom obliku, koristimo za izricanje nesigurnosti ili za odbijanje na pitanje o dopuštenju.

May, u upitnom obliku, koristimo kad želimo izraziti zahtjev na pristojniji način.

Summary

Modalni glagol may izriče dopuštenje, mogućnost nekog događaja, želje ili nade. Negativni oblik izriče zabranu ili nesigurnost, a upitni se koristi za izricanje zahtjeva na pristojniji način.

Strukture:

  • Potvrdni oblik: Subject + may + verb + …
  • Negativni oblik: Subject + may + not + verb + …
  • Upitni oblik: May + subject + verb + …?

Naprimjer:
— Potvrdni oblik: “It may snow this winter.”
— Negativni oblik: “It may not snow this winter.”
— Upitni oblik: “May it snow this winter?

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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