Must: Modals of Obligation


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Introduction

Modalni glagol [modal verb] je vrsta pomoćnog glagola koji sam nema značenje, ali može oblikovati glavni glagol tako da mu mijenja značenje i daje više informacija o njegovoj radnji.

Glagol must je modalni glagol koji se koristi za izricanje sigurnosti u nešto, potrebe ili čvrste obaveze koje ne dolaze izvana, već su rezultat osobnog mišljenja. Koristi se i za izricanje zabrana u negativnom obliku.

Form

Modalni glagol must koristi se kao pomoćni glagol u tri oblika te se ne mijenja čak ni u trećem licu jednine:

Affirmative

Struktura u potvrdnom obliku:
Subject + must + verb + …

Subject must Verb
I/You must work
He/She/It must work
We/You/They must work

Negative

Struktura u negativnom obliku:
Subject + must not + verb + …

  • Skraćeni negativni oblik: mustn’t.
Subject must + not Verb
I/You must not work
He/She/It must not work
We/You/They must not work

Interrogative

Struktura u upitnom obliku:
Must + subject + verb + …?

Must Subject Verb Question
Mark
Must I/you work ?
Must he/she/it work ?
Must we/you/they work ?

Example

  1. Sigurnost u nešto/očekivanje nečega s razlogom
    • It must be her flat. It’s number 13.
    • This house must be in a good state! They renovated it last year.
    • Must they be rich? They live in a luxury flat in the city center.
  2. Čvrsta obaveza
    • I must search for a new house, my contract ends soon.
    • She must clean the kids’ clothes, they got very dirty at the park.
    • Must we be on time?
  3. Potreba
    • I must buy a new fridge.
    • He must search for a student flat.
    • Must they paint the walls?
  4. Zabrana (negativni oblik)
    • You must not give your address on online forums!
    • He must not surf the internet while working!
    • You mustn’t smoke in this restaurant.

Use

Must koristimo kada:

  1. Smo sigurni o nečemu, te kad se nešto očekuje s razlogom (potvrdni oblik);
  2. Postoji čvrsta obaveza (potvrdni oblik, upitni oblik);
  3. Je nešto potrebno (potvrdni oblik, negativni oblik);
  4. Se nešto zabranjuje (negativni oblik).

Summary

Modalni glagol must se koristi za izricanje sigurnosti u nešto, potrebe ili čvrste obaveze koje ne dolaze izvana. Postoji u tri oblika te se ne mijenja čak ni u trećem licu jednine.

Strukture:

  • Potvrdni oblik: Subject + must + verb + …
  • Negativni oblik: Subject + must not + verb + …
  • Upitni oblik: Must + subject + verb + …?

Naprimjer:
— Potvrdni oblik: “must visit my parents soon.” = Subjekt osjeća obavezu.
— Negativni oblik: “You must not try drugs.” = Izricanje zabrane.
— Upitni oblik: “Must I do it now? = Subjekt postavlja pitanje je li obvezan napraviti nešto sada.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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