Prepositions of Movement


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Introduction

Prijedlozi [prepositions] su riječi koje spajaju dijelove rečenice. Bitni su jer omogućuju dodatna objašnjenja smještajući radnju, ljude i predmete u prostornevremenske okvire.

Prijedlozi kretanja [prepositions of movement] se koriste za izricanje kretanja ili smjera kretanja.

Form

Prijedlozi kretanja ne stoje sami već se kombiniraju s drugim rečeničnim dijelovima. Njihovo korištenje ovisi o:

  1. Kretanju do ili iz nekog mjesta: to, from, down, up, away from
  2. Kretanju s jedne strane na drugu: acrossalong
  3. Promjeni položaja: in/intoon/ontoout ofoffoverunder

Example

  1. Kretanje do ili iz nekog mjesta
    • Northern wind goes to Turkey every winter.
    • My mother came from the garden.
    • The baby pig fell down the stairs.
    • I’m going up to the second floor to see the sky.
    • Get away from the olive trees!
  2. Kretanje s jedne strane na drugu
    • Be careful when you go across the streets. It is snowing.
    • Every Sunday we go for a walk along the coast.
  3. Promjena položaja
    • My grandfather is coming into the garden.
    • My sister’s cat always jumps on/onto the table.
    • Your dog is out of your apartment right now.
    • Can you get off the bed and go to the supermarket, please?
    • The plane flies over the hill.
    • The subway runs under the street level.

Use

Prijedlozi kretanja se koriste za prikazivanje kretanja s jednog mjesta na drugo. Njima se izriče:

  1. Kretanje do ili iz nekog mjesta;
  2. Kretanje s jedne strane na drugu;
  3. Promjena položaja.

Summary

Prijedlozi kretanja [prepositions of movement] se koriste za izricanje kretanja ili smjera.

  • Kretanje do ili iz nekog mjesta: to, from, down, up, away from
  • Kretanje s jedne strane na drugu: across, along
  • Promjena položaja: in/into, on/onto, out of, off, over, under

Naprimjer:
— “I go to Ibiza every summer.” = Koristimo to za izricanje promjene položaja prema određenoj destinaciji.
— “Be careful when you go across the streets.” = Koristimo across za izricanje promjene položaja s jedne strane na drugu.
— “My grandfather walks in/into the living room.” = Koristimo in/into za izricanje promjene položaja ulaženjem u trodimenzionalni prostor.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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