Ought to: Modal Auxiliary Verb


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Introduction

Modalni glagol [modal verb] je vrsta pomoćnog glagola koji sam nema značenje, ali može oblikovati glavni glagol tako da mu mijenja značenje i daje više informacija o njegovoj radnji.

Ought to je vrsta pomoćnog modalnog glagola koji se koristi za izricanje obaveze ili dužnosti kroz preporuku.

Form

Ought to je uvijek isti, čak i u trećem licu jednine. Njegovu strukturu nalazimo u tri oblika:

Affirmative

Struktura u potvrdnom obliku:
Subject + ought to + verb + …

Subject ought to Verb
I/You ought to work
He/She/It ought to work
We/You/They ought to work

Negative

Struktura u negativnom obliku:
Subject + ought + not + to + verb + …

  • Skraćeni negativni oblik: oughtn’t.
Subject ought to + not Verb
I/You ought not to work
He/She/It ought not to work
We/You/They ought not to work

Interrogative

Struktura u upitnom obliku:
Ought + subject + to + verb + …?

Ought Subject to Verb Question
Mark
Ought I/you to work ?
Ought he/she/it to work ?
Ought we/you/they to work ?

Example

  1. Slabija obaveza/dužnost
    • You ought to apologise.
    • Smoking oughtn’t to be allowed at school.
    • You ought to get the diploma soon.
  2. Savjet
    • You ought to work out more.
    • He oughtn’t to memorise the rule, it’s better to understand it.
    • Ought we to read the syllabus of the course?

Use

Outght to nema toliko jako značenje kao must. Koristimo ought to kad:

  1. Ukazujemo na slabiju obavezu ili dužnost;
  2. Dajemo ili pitamo za savjet (preporuku).

Summary

Ought to je vrsta pomoćnog modalnog glagola koji se koristi za izricanje obaveze ili dužnosti. Nema toliko jako značenje kao must.

Strukture:

  • Potvrdni oblik: Subject + ought to + verb + …
  • Negativni oblik: Subject + ought + not + to + verb + …
  • Upitni oblik: Ought + subject + to + verb + …?

Naprimjer:
— Potvrdni oblik: “You ought to do your homework to understand the subject.” = Ought to se koristi za davanje preporuke.
— Negativni oblik: “You oughtn´t to do your homework to understand the subject.” = Oughtn’t se koristi za davanje preporuke.
— Upitni oblik: “Ought you to do your homework to understand the subject?” = Ought? se koristi za pitvrđivanje preporuke.
♦ “You must do your homework or you will fail the class.” = Must izriče snažniju obavezu.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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