Unit 7.2

Ought to: Verbo Modal Auxiliar


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Introduction

Un verbo modal [modal verb] es un tipo de verbo auxiliar (ayudante) que no tiene significado por sí solo sino que modifica el verbo principal, cambia su significado y da más detalles sobre la acción.

Ought to es un tipo de verbo modal auxiliar que usamos para expresar obligación y deber a través de consejos o recomendaciones.

Form

Ought to siempre tiene la misma forma, incluso para la tercera persona del singular. Encontramos esta estructura en sus tres formas.

Afirmativo

Su estructura en la forma afirmativa, es:
Subject + ought to + verb + …

Subject ought to Verb
I/You ought to work
He/She/It ought to work
We/You/They ought to work

Negativo

Su estructura en la forma negativa, es:
Subject + ought + not + to + verb + …

  • La forma abreviada de la forma negativa es: oughtn’t.
Subject ought to + not Verb
I/You ought not to work
He/She/It ought not to work
We/You/They ought not to work

Interrogativo

Su estructura en la forma interrogativa, es:
Ought + subject + to + verb + …?

Ought Subject to Verb Question
Mark
Ought I/you to work ?
Ought he/she/it to work ?
Ought we/you/they to work ?

Example

  1. Obligación/deber más débil
    • You ought to apologise.
    • Smoking oughtn’t to be allowed at school.
    • You ought to get the diploma soon.
  2. Consejos
    • You ought to work out more.
    • He oughtn’t to memorise the rule, it’s better to understand it.
    • Ought we to read the syllabus of the course?

Use

Usamso ought to cuando:

  • Indicamos obligación o deber más débil;
  • Damos y pedimos consejos (recomendación).

Ought to puede considerarse no tan fuerte como must:

Summary

El verbo modal [modal verb] ought to expresa obligación o consejos más débiles. Se puede considerar como menos fuerte que must.

Las estructuras son:

  • Afirmativo: Subject + ought to + verb + …
  • Negativo: Subject + ought + not + to + verb + …
  • Interrogativo: Ought + subject + to + verb + …?

Por ejemplo:
— Afirmativo: “You ought to do your homework to understand the subject.” = Usamos ought to para dar una recomendación.
— Negativo: «You oughtn´t to do your homework to understand the subject.» = Usamos oughtn’t para dar una recomendación.
— Interrogativo: «Ought you to do your homework to understand the subject?» = Usamos ought? para pedir una confirmación o recomendación.
♦ “You must do your homework or you will fail the class.” = Must expresa una obligación más fuerte.

Vamos a revisar este contenido dentro de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en contexto.

Exercises


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