Unit 6.1

Sustantivos Incontables


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Introduction

Los sustantivos [nouns] se refieren a una persona, lugar, cosa, evento, sustancia o calidad.

Los sustantivos incontables [uncountable nouns] son sustantivos que no se puede contar fácilmente o a los que nos referimos como masa. {ver Sustantivos – Contables e Incontables, Nivel A1}.

Form

Los sustantivos incontables se refieren a cosas que consideramos como una masa y no como objetos distintos. Tenemos tres tipos de sustantivos incontables:

  1. Con solo la forma singular: advice, baggage, energy, hair, homework, information, money
  2. Con solo la forma plural: clothes, groceries, news, regards, thanks
  3. Incontables cuando se refieren a un significado general y contables cuando se refieren a una cosa o significado específico: a type of, a kind of…, materiales y líquidos: glass, paper, coffee, water…, o sustantivos abstractos: life, time

Example

  1. Sustantivos incontables solo singulares
    • My baggage is so heavy because of the camera in it!
    • Her energy as a salsa dancer is incredible!
    • Their money was not enough to buy the painting.
  2. Sustantivos incontables solo plurales
    • Could you get the groceries?
    • He told me some news about your journey.
    • We send our thanks to the director.
  3. Ambos usos incontables y contables
    • She has a lot of glass bowls. / Does she want a glass of coke?
    • Can I borrow some coffee? / Shall I get a coffee (= a cup of coffee)?
    • I need more time. / I miss the times of my internship ( = a specific period).

Use

Usamos los sustantivos incontables para referirnos a cosas que consideramos  en masa y objetos individuales (ideas abstractas, sustancias, materiales, gases y líquidos).

Hay sustantivos que pueden ser tanto contables como incontables:

  • Son incontables cuando hacen referencia a un significado general;
  • Son contables cuando hacen referencia a una cosa o significado específico.

Summary

Los sustantivos incontables [uncountable nouns] se refieren a cosas que consideramos como una masa y no como objetos individuales. Hay tres tipos de sustantivos incontables:

  • Sustantivos incontables solo singulares: advice, baggage, energy, hair, homework, information, money
  • Sustantivos incontables solo plurales: clothes, groceries, news, regards, thanks
  • Ambos usos incontables y contables: a type of…, a kind of…; coffee, glass, paper, water… (materiales y líquidos); lifetime… (sustantivos abstractos).

Por ejemplo:
— «I don´t have energy for another trip.» = Energy tiene solo la forma incontable singular.
— «I will tell you later the news of today.» = News tiene solo la forma incontable plural.
— «Can I have some coffee?» / «Can I have a coffee?«= Coffee se refiere al café como polvo (incontable singular), y a coffee tiene el significado implícito de una taza de café (contable singular).

Vamos a revisar este contenido dentro de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en contexto.

Exercises


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