Unit 10.1

Cláusulas Comparativas: As … as


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Introduction

Usamos las compariciones [comparisons] con adjetivos y adverbios para comparar cosas, personas o acciones, y expresan las igualdades o desigualdades entre ellos.

Usamos el comparativo de igualdad [comparative of equality] (cláusula as…as) para el mismo propósito.

{ver Compariciones con Adjetivos y Adverbios, Nivel A1}

Form

Normalmente encontramos la estructura del comparativo de igualdad (cláusula as…as) en sus tres formas.

Formas afirmativas:
Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …

Formas negativas:
Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …

Formas interrogativas:
Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …?
Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …?

Example

  1. Hablar de cosas idénticas (afirmativo)
    • This box of biscuits is as big as mine.
    • This restaurant makes food as good as my mum’s.
  2. Hablar de cosas diferentes (negativo)
    • A kilo of potatoes is not as expensive as a kilo of steaks.
    • Her mountain boots are not as cheap as his backpack.
  3. Preguntar información sobre igualdad/desigualdad
    • Is this box of biscuits as big as mine?
    • Do I have champagne as cold as yours?

Use

Usamos el comparativo de igualdad (cláusula as…as) para:

  1. Hablar sobre cosas idénticas (afirmativo);
  2. Hablar sobre cosas diferentes (negativo);
  3. Pedir información sobre la igualdad/desigualdad de cosas diferentes (interrogativo).

Summary

Usamos el comparativo de igualdad [comparative of equality] (o la cláusula as…as) para recalcar la igualdad o desigualdad entre dos cosas, personas o acciones.

  • Afirmativo:
    Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
    Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …
  • Negativo:
    Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
    Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …
  • Interrogativo:
    Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …?
    Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …?

Por ejemplo:
— Afirmativo: «My doll is as lovely as yours
— Negativo: «My doll is not as lovely as yours
— Interrogativo: «Is my doll as lovely as yours?»

Vamos a revisar este contenido dentro de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en contexto.

Exercises


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