Unit 10.1

Intensificadores y Mitigadores


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Introduction

Los adverbios [adverbs] son palabras que funcionan como modificadores de otros elementos en la cláusula. Pueden proveer una amplia información.

Usamos los adverbios de grado [adverbs of degree] para dar información sobre la intensidad de una acción o un adjetivo {ver Adverbios de Grado, Nivel A1}.

Los intensificadores [intensifiers] y mitigadores [mitigators] son una parte de los adverbios de grado.

Form

Intensificadores

Los más comunes son: highly, absolutely, so, utterly, incredibly, particularly

Mitigadores

Los más comunes son: fairly, pretty (informal), rather, slightly

Example

Intensificadores

  • The climate was highly dry.
  • It is absolutely impossible to win at most carnival games.
  • He was so helpful.
  • The view is utterly beautiful.
  • We came incredibly close to falling off the stairs.
  • These drawings are particularly good.

Mitigadores

  • These crystals are fairly bright.
  • The view was pretty good, but not breathtaking.
  • I’m rather bored.
  • It is slightly expensive, but I’m still going to buy it.

Use

Usamos los intensificadores para hacer más fuerte las palabras y las expresiones.

Usamos los mitigadores para hacer más débil las palabras y las expresiones.

Summary

Los intensificadores [intensifiers] y mitigadores [mitigators] son dos tipos de adverbios de grado. Usamos los intensificadores para enfatizar palabras o expresiones y los mitigadores para enfatizar las palabras menos fuertes.

Los intensificadores más comunes son: highly, absolutely, so, incredibly, utterly, particularly

Los mitigadores más comunes son: fairly, pretty, rather, slightly

Por ejemplo:
— «I am absolutely sure he is lying.» = Hay una alta probabilidad de que este mintiendo, así que usamos un intensificador.
— «I am fairly sure that he is lying.» = Hay una probabilidad baja de que está mintiendo, así que usamos un mitigador.

Vamos a revisar este contenido dentro de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en contexto.

Exercises


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