Unit 1.2

El Participio Pasado

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El participio pasado [past participle] es un verbo que se utiliza para formar otros tiempos (como el presente perfecto).

Muchas formas de participios pasados son irregulares.


El participio pasado es una forma de los verbos que se usa en la formación del pretérito pluscuamperfecto (past perfect), el pretérito pluscuamperfecto continuo (past perfect continuos), el presente perfecto (present perfect), el presente perfecto continuo (present perfect continuos), el futuro perfecto (future perfect), el futuro perfecto continuo (fututre perfect continous) tiempos pasivos {comprueba el tema Presente Perfecto}.


Los participios pasados regulares siguen todas la normas del pasado simple, que se forma añadiendo -ed al la raíz del verbo.

{Revisa el tema Presente Perfecto}


Los verbos irregulares no siguen esta norma, hay que aprenderlos de memoria.

Los verbos irregulares más comunes son:

Verb Past Participle
become become
break broken
bring brought
buy bought
do done
draw drawn
drink drunk
eat eaten
feel felt
find found
go gone
have had
hear heard
keep kept
read read
run run
say said
see seen
teach taught
write written


Past Perfect (Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto)

  • I had studied every night.
  • He had finished the course this year.
  • We had fought many times.

Past Perfect Continuous (Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto Continuo)

  • I had been studying every night.
  • He had been finishing the course this year.
  • We had been fighting many times.

Presente Perfecto

  • I have studied every night this week.
  • He has finished the course recently.
  • We have fought a lot.

Futuro Perfecto 

  • I will have studied every night.
  • He will have finished the course by the end of the year.
  • We will have fought a lot.

Futuro Perfecto Continuo

  • I will have been studying every night for weeks.
  • He will have been finishing the course.
  • We will have been fighting too much.


Usamos el participio pasado para formar los verbos en tiempos diferentes.


El participio pasado [past participle] es una forma de verbos que se utiliza en la formación de muchos tiempos. Lo formamos añadiendo -ed al final de los verbos, pero hay muchos verbos que son irregulares.

Por ejemplo:
— Regular : «Watch» ⇒ “I have watched a great movie tonight.” = Añadimos -ed al final del verbo.
— Irregular: «Be» ⇒ “I have been to Montenegro four times.” / “I have beed to Montenegro four times.« = El verbo write es irregular así usamos written, un participio pasado que tenemos que saber de memoria.

Vamos a revisar este contenido dentro de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en contexto.


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