Unit 1.2

Past Participle

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Past Pariciple is the form of a verb, it is used in the formation of Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, Future Perfect, Future Perfect Continuous and Passive Tenses.

Many Past Participle form of verbs have Irregular forms.


Regular Past Participle verbs follow all the formation rules of Past Simple.

Irregular Verbs do not follow this rule. Below you can see a list of the most common Irregular Verbs:

Verb Past Participle
become become
break broken
bring brought
buy bought
do done
draw drawn
drink drunk
eat eaten
feel felt
find found
go gone
have had
hear heard
keep kept
read read
run run
say said
see seen
teach taught
write written


Past Perfect

  • I had studied every night.
  • He had finished the course this year.
  • We had fought many times.

Past perfect continuous

  • I had been studying every night.
  • He had been finishing the course this year.
  • We had been fighting many times.

Present Perfect

  • I have studied every night this week.
  • He has finished the course recently.
  • We have fought a lot.

Future Perfect

  • I will have studied every night.
  • He will have finished the course by the end of the year.
  • We will have fought a lot.

Future perfect continuous

  • I will have been studying every night for weeks.
  • He will have been finishing the course.
  • We will have been fighting too much.


The Irregular Verbs are used like the Regular Verbs but there is not a rule that explains how to obtain the Past Participle form of Irregular Verbs.


We use the Present Perfect to talk about completed actions which have occurred in the past which are connected to the present and still have effects on it. There are many verbs which are Irregular in the Present Perfect form.

For example:
— “I have been to Montenegro four times.” – “I have beed to Montenegro four times. = The verb be changes to been in this sentence because it is an Irregular verb.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.

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