Unit 1.2


Pretekli particip

Verbs

Pretekli particip [past participle] je čas, ki ga uporabljamo za tvorjenje drugih časov (kot na primer present perfect).

Veliko oblik preteklega participa je nepravilnih.

Pretekli particip je ena od glagolskih oblik, ki jo uporabljamo za tvorjenje časov: past perfect, past perfect continuous, present perfect, present perfect continuous, future perfect, future perfect continuous in pasivnih časov {glej poglavje Present perfect}.

Regular

Pravilni pretekli participi sledijo pravilom tvorjenja past simpla, toreju dodajanju –ed na koncu glagolov.

Irregular

Nepravilni glagoli ne sledijo temu pravilu. Najpogosteje rabljeni nepravilni glagoli so:

VerbPast Participle
becomebecome
breakbroken
bringbrought
buybought
dodone
drawdrawn
drinkdrunk
eateaten
feelfelt
findfound
gogone
havehad
hearheard
keepkept
readread
runrun
saysaid
seeseen
teachtaught
writewritten

Regular

  • I have just finished my work.
  • He has already stopped exercising.
  • They have started to talk during the lesson.

Irregular

  • I have lost my car keys!
  • He has put on weight.
  • They have never been to Chicago.

Pretekli particip uporabljamo za tvorjenje glagolov v različnih časih.

Pretekli particip [past participle] je oblika glagola, ki jo uporabljamo za tvorjenje več glagolskih časov. Tvorimo jo z dodajanjem -ed na konec glagolov; obstaja pa tudi veliko glagolov, ki so nepravilni.

Na primer:
— Pravilni: “Watch” ⇒ “I have watched a great movie tonight.” = -ed dodamo na koncu glagola.
— Nepravilni: “Be” ⇒ “I have been to Montenegro four times.” / “I have beed to Montenegro four times. = Uporabimo drugo obliko (glagol be se spremeni v been).

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

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English Grammar A2 Level for Slovene speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

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