Unit 6.2

Krajevni predlogi


Print This Post Print This Post

Advertising

Introduction

Predlogi [prepositions] so majhne besede, ki povezujejo elemente v povedi. Pomembni so, ker dodajajo podrobnosti o povedi.

Krajevne predloge [prepositions of place] uporabljamo za umeščanje dogodkov v krajevni okvir.

Form

Krajevni predlogi ne stojijo sami zase, ampak delujejo skupaj z drugimi elementi v povedi in tako ustvarjajo predložne zveze. Krajevni predlogi so at, on, in in by.

Example

  • At
    • I am waiting at the metro station in the rain.
    • He was at the game when it was snowing.
    • They love being at home with their dog.
  • On
    • You put many posters on the walls.
    • There was a rose on the way home.
    • We are not allowed to smoke on the bus.
  • In
    • You can find wonderful paintings in this church.
    • There is a wild animal in that forest.
    • They lived in Canada for 10 years.
  • By
    • His dog is always walking by his side.
    • The house is by the coast.
    • They are talking by the pine tree.

Use

Krajevne predloge uporabljamo za izražanje lokacije nečesa ali nekoga. Glavni so:

  • At (splošni, za nanašanje na večje kraje)
    • Točno določen položaj na točki (at the bus stop…);
    • Pred imenom skupinskih aktivnosti (at the party, at the match…);
    • S/z home, work, school, university, the top, the bottom
  • On (bolj specifični, za nanašanje na manjše kraje)
    • Položaj na površini (on the floor…);
    • V liniji (on the path, on the way, on the river…);
    • Javni prevoz;
    • Usmeritve (desna in leva…)
  • In (zelo specifični, za nanašanje na manjše kraje)
    • Položaj znotraj večjih območij;
    • Tridimenzionalni prostor in območja, obdana iz vseh strani (in a forest, in the office…);
    • Kontinenti, zvezne države, države, stavbe…
  • By
    • Levo ali desno od nekoga ali nečesa;
    • Zraven nekoga ali nečesa;
    • Nedaleč po razdalji (blizu).

Summary

Krajevne predloge [prepositions of place] uporabljamo za umeščanje dogodkov v krajevni okvir. 

Glavni krajevni predlogi so:

  • At: točen položaj na neki točki, pred imenom skupinskih aktivnosti, z nekaterimi besedami.
  • On: položaj na površini, v liniji, javni prevoz, usmeritve.
  • In: položaj znotraj velikih območij, tridimenzionalnih prostorov in območij, obkroženih z vseh strani, kontinentov, stavb.
  • By: leva ali desna stran nekoga ali nečesa, zraven nekoga ali nečesa, nedaleč po razdalji.

Na primer:
— “I work at home today.” = At uporabljamo za izražnje specifične točke ali kraja.
— “I work on the left of the corner.” = On uporabljamo za izražanje usmeritev.
— “I work in this building.” = In uporabljamo za izražanje položaja znotraj tridimenzionalnega prostora.
— “I work by this building.” = By uporabljamo zato, da izrazimo bližino nekega prostora drugemu prostoru.

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

Exercises


The exercises are not created yet. If you would like to get involve with their creation, be a contributor.



Ambassadors

Open TextBooks are collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone and everywhere.

Become an Ambassador and write your textbooks.

Online Teaching

Become a Books4Languages Online tutor & teacher.

More information here about how to be a tutor.

Translations


Ambassadors

The Books4Languages is a collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone, everywhere.

License