Unit 6.2

Vietas prievārdi


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Introduction

Prievārdi [prepositions] ir nelieli vārdi, kas savieno teikuma locekļus. Tie ir svarīgi, jo sniedz papildus informāciju par teikumu.

Vietas prievārdus [prepositions of place] izmanto, lai aprakstītu notikumu telpā [space].

Form

Vietas prievārdus neizmanto atsevišķi, tos lieto kopā ar citiem teikuma locekļiem, lai radītu prievārdu frāzes [prepositional phrases]: at, on, in un by.

Example

  • At
    • I am waiting at the metro station in the rain.
    • He was at the game when it was snowing.
    • They love being at home with their dog.
  • On
    • You put many posters on the walls.
    • There was a rose on the way home.
    • We are not allowed to smoke on the bus.
  • In
    • You can find wonderful paintings in this church.
    • There is a wild animal in that forest.
    • They lived in Canada for 10 years.
  • By
    • His dog is always walking by his side.
    • The house is by the coast.
    • They are talking by the pine tree.

Use

Vietas prievārdus izmanto, lai aprakstītu kaut kā atrašanos vietu. Galvenie no tiem ir:

  • At (vispārīgs, lai runātu par lielām vietām)
    • Noteikta atrašanās vieta (at the bus stop…);
    • Pirms grupu nodarbju nosaukumiem (at the party, at the match…);
    • Kopā ar home, work, school, university, the top, the bottom
  • On (specifisks, lai runātu par mazākām vietām)
    • Atrašanās uz virsmas (on the floor…);
    • Uz līnijas (on the path, on the way, on the river…);
    • Sabiedriskajā transportā;
    • Virzieni (pa labi un pa kreisi…)
  • In (ļoti specifisks, lai runātu par ļoti mazām vietām)
    • Atrašanās vieta lielās telpās;
    • Telpas, kas ierobežotas visās pusēs (in a forest, in the office…);
    • Kontinenti, štati, valsts, ēkas…
  • By
    • Pa labi vai pa kreisi no kaut kā;
    • Tuvu kādam vai kaut kam;
    • Netālu (tuvu).

Summary

Vietas prievārdus [prepositions of place] izmanto, lai atpazītu noteikumu telpā.

Galvenie vietas prievārdi ir:

  • At: noteikta atrašanās vieta, pirms grupu nodarbju nosaukumiem, kopā ar dažiem vārdiem.
  • On: atrašanās vieta uz virsmas, līnijas, sabiedriskajā transportā, virzieniem.
  • In: atrašanās vieta lielās telpās, trīsdimensiju un no visām pusēs aplenktajām telpās, kontinenti, ēkas.
  • By: no kreisās vai labās puses no kaut kā, tuvu kaut kam, netālu.

Piemēram:
— “I work at home today.” = Izmantojam at, lai izteiktu noteiktu atrašanās vietu.
— “I work on the left of the corner.” = We use on, lai izteiktu virzienus.
— “I work in this building.” = Izmantojam in, lai izteiktu atrašanās vietu telpā.
— “I work by this building.” = Izmantojam by, lai pateiktu, ka vieta atrodas tuvu citai vietai.

Atkārto šo mācību materiālu, izlasot {Form} nodaļu. Apskati {Example} nodaļu, kurā parādīta šī materiāla praktiska izmantošana kontekstā.

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