Unit 10.2

Pogoste kombinacije pridevnikov in predlogov


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Introduction

Predlogi [prepositions] so pomembni, ker dodajajo podrobnosti o povedi.

Pridevniki [adjectives] so določniki, ki lahko stojijo na dveh različnih mestih v povedi, kjer opisujejo osebo ali stvar. Nekatere pridevnike lahko uporabljamo samo z določenimi predlogi.

Form

Najpogosteje rabljeni predlogi, ki sledijo določenim pridevnikom, so: at, for, of, to in in.

Primeri pridevnikov, ki v povedi stojijo pred temi predlogi, so:

  • Angry, bad, brilliant, good, lucky, present, slow, terrible… + at + …
  • Famous, grateful, known, prepared, responsible, sorry… + for + …
  • Afraid, ashamed, aware, bad, difficult, full, jealous, made, proud, scared, tired… + of + …
  • Addicted, connected, engaged, friendly, grateful, limited, married, polite… + to + …
  • Dressed, interested, involved, skilled… + in + …

Example

  • At
    • The audience is angry at the musician.
    • She is good at drawing.
    • All students should be present at the theatre play, it’s compulsory.
  • For
    • I am very sorry for your loss.
    • Smoking is extremely bad for you.
    • The novel was too difficult for his class.
  • Of
    • The director is very proud of his movie.
    • Jason was ashamed of his behavior.
    • She is full of energy.
  • To
    • I think I’m a bit addicted to music.
    • He doesn’t feel connected to his country at all.
    • My sister is married to an English photographer.
  • In
    • I’m interested in modern art.
    • She is involved in promoting modern music.
    • They both are skilled in chemistry and mathematics.

Use

Nekateri predlogi lahko sledijo določenim pridevnikom, da bi nekaj izrazili, ni pa nobenih slovničnih pravil o tem, kako jih kombinirati v povedi.

Summary

Predlogi so pomembni, ker dodajajo informacije o povedi. Nekatere pridevnike lahko uporabljamo le z določenimi predlogi. Ne obstaja pravilo o tej temi, zaradi česar se jih moramo naučiti na pamet.

  • Angry, bad, brilliant, good, lucky, present, slow, terrible… + at + …
  • Famousknown, prepared, responsible, sorry… + for + …
  • Bad, difficult, full, jealous, madescared, tired… + of + …
  • Addicted, connected, friendlylimitedpolite… + to + …
  • Dressed, interested, involved, skilled… + in + …

Na primer:
— “She is good at being a good friend.”
— “I am responsible for the adverts.”

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

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