Unit 10.2

Yaygın Sıfat ve Edat Kombinasyonları


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Introduction

Edatlar [Prepositions] cümledeki diğer ögelerle birlikte kullanılmasıyla daha detaylı bilgi verdikleri için gereklidirler.

Sıfatlar [Adjectives] bir şeyi ya da birini nitelemek için cümlede iki şekilde kulllanılan belirleyicilerdir. Belirli sıfatlar belirli edatlar [prepositions] ile kullanılırlar.

Form

En çok kullanılan Edatlar şunlardır: At, for, of, to, in.

Aşağıdaki sıfatlarla bu edatlar kullanılır:

  • Angry, bad, brilliant, good, lucky, present, slow, terrible… + at + …
  • Famous, grateful, known, prepared, responsible, sorry… + for + …
  • Afraid, ashamed, aware, bad, difficult, full, jealous, made, proud, scared, tired… + of + …
  • Addicted, connected, engaged, friendly, grateful, limited, married, polite… + to + …
  • Dressed, interested, involved, skilled… + in + …

Example

  • At
    • The audience is angry at the musician.
    • She is good at drawing.
    • All students should be present at the theatre play, it’s compulsory.
  • For
    • I am very sorry for your loss.
    • Smoking is extremely bad for you.
    • The novel was too difficult for his class.
  • Of
    • The director is very proud of his movie.
    • Jason was ashamed of his behavior.
    • She is full of energy.
  • To
    • I think I’m a bit addicted to music.
    • He doesn’t feel connected to his country at all.
    • My sister is married to an English photographer.
  • In
    • I’m interested in modern art.
    • She is involved in promoting modern music.
    • They both are skilled in chemistry and mathematics.

Use

Bazı edatlar belirli sıfatlar ile birlikte kullanılırlar ama bu kalıpları kullanmak için belirli bir kural yoktur.

Summary

Edatlar [Prepositions] cümle hakkında ek bilgi verdikleri için önemlidirler. Belirli sıfatları [Adjectives] sadece belirli edatlar ile kullanabiliriz. Belirli bir kural olmadığı için bunlar ezberlenmelidir.

  • Angry, bad, brilliant, good, lucky, present, slow, terrible… + at + …
  • Famous, known, prepared, responsible, sorry… + for + …
  • Bad, difficult, full, jealous, made, scared, tired… + of + …
  • Addicted, connected, friendly, limited, polite… + to + …
  • Dressed, interested, involved, skilled… + in + …

Örnek:
— “She is good at being a good friend.”
— “I am responsible for the adverts.”

[Form] bölümüne bakarak bu bağlamda gramerin nasıl kullanıldığına bakabilirsiniz. [Example] bölümünde ise konuyla ilgili örneklere ulaşabilirsiniz.

Exercises


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