Unit 6.2

Časovni predlogi


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Introduction

Predlogi [prepositions] so majhne besede, ki povezujejo elemente v povedi. Pomembne so, ker dodajajo podrobnosti o povedi.

Časovne predloge [prepositions of time] uporabljamo za umeščanje dogodka v časovni okvir.

Form

Časovni predlogi ne stojijo sami zase, ampak delujejo z drugimi elementi v povedi in ustvarjajo predložne zveze [prepositional phrases]. Časovni predlogi so: at, on, in in by.

Example

At

  • Everyday at 7.00 clock I can see the stars.
  • He is going to the forest at Easter.
  • At weekends we take the dogs for a walk.

On

  • On Sundays, I usually relax with my friends by going to the coast.
  • She was born on the 1st of September in 1997.
  • The island sank on Sunday morning.

In

  • I always travel to famous forests in Finland in November.
  • In autumn it always rains.
  • In the evening the horses started to run.

By

  • Please, send me those tickets by Monday.
  • She has to finish her world map by next week.
  • Is Maria still in the garden? Yes, she will be back by evening.

Use

Časovni predlogi omogočajo umeščanje dogodka v specifični trenutek ali obdobje.

At

  • Exact times (the moment, sunrise, noon, night, midnight, hours);
  • Special holiday periods (Christmas*, Easter…);
  • Weekend*.

On

  • Days of the week (Monday, Saturday, Wednesday…);
  • Dates;
  • Specific part of the day (on Sunday morning).

In

  • Months, years, centuries;
  • Seasons;
  • The morning, the afternoon, the evening.

By

  • Time-limited actions;
  • Projects with deadline;
  • Time of someone´s return.

*V ameriški angleščini lahko srečamo on namesto at.

Summary

Časovne predloge uporabljamo za umeščanje dogodka v časovni kontekst.

Glavni predlogi so:

  • At: za točno določen čas, posebna praznična obdobja ali vikend.
  • On: dnevi v tednu, datumi in specifični deli dneva.
  • In: meseci, leta, letni časi, stoletja, jutro, popoldne in večer.
  • By: omejena dejanja, projekti z rokom in čas vrnitve nekoga.

Na primer:
— “I will go to my grandparents’ house at Christmas.”
— “I will go to my grandparents’ house on 25th of December.”
— “I will go to my grandparents’ house in December.”
— “I will return from my grandparent´s house by December.”

NOTE: V ameriški angleščini lahko srečamo Christmas in weekend z on namesto z at.

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

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