Unit 6.2


Časovni predlogi

Prepositions

Predlogi [prepositions] so majhne besede, ki povezujejo elemente v povedi. Pomembne so, ker dodajajo podrobnosti o povedi.

Časovne predloge [prepositions of time] uporabljamo za umeščanje dogodka v časovni okvir.

Časovni predlogi ne stojijo sami zase, ampak delujejo z drugimi elementi v povedi in ustvarjajo predložne zveze [prepositional phrases]. Časovni predlogi so: at, on, in in by.

  • At
    • Everyday at 7.00 clock I can see the stars.
    • He is going to the forest at Easter.
    • At weekends we take the dogs for a walk.
  • On
    • On Sundays, I usually relax with my friends by going to the coast.
    • She was born on the 1st of September in 1997.
    • The island sank on Sunday morning.
  • In
    • I always travel to famous forests in Finland in November.
    • In autumn it always rains.
    • In the evening the horses started to run.
  • By
    • Please, send me those tickets by Monday.
    • She has to finish her world map by next week.
    • Is Maria still in the garden? Yes, she will be back by evening.

Časovni predlogi omogočajo umeščanje dogodka v specifični trenutek ali obdobje.

  • At
    • Exact times (the moment, sunrise, noon, night, midnight, hours);
    • Special holiday periods (Christmas*, Easter…);
    • Weekend*.
  • On
    • Days of the week (Monday, Saturday, Wednesday…);
    • Dates;
    • Specific part of the day (on Sunday morning).
  • In
    • Months, years, centuries;
    • Seasons;
    • The morning, the afternoon, the evening.
  • By
    • Time-limited actions;
    • Projects with deadline;
    • Time of someone´s return.

*V ameriški angleščini lahko srečamo on namesto at.

Časovne predloge uporabljamo za umeščanje dogodka v časovni kontekst.

Glavni predlogi so:

  • At: za točno določen čas, posebna praznična obdobja ali vikend.
  • On: dnevi v tednu, datumi in specifični deli dneva.
  • In: meseci, leta, letni časi, stoletja, jutro, popoldne in večer.
  • By: omejena dejanja, projekti z rokom in čas vrnitve nekoga.

Na primer:
— “I will go to my grandparents’ house at Christmas.”
— “I will go to my grandparents’ house on 25th of December.”
— “I will go to my grandparents’ house in December.”
— “I will return from my grandparent´s house by December.”

NOTE: V ameriški angleščini lahko srečamo Christmas in weekend z on namesto z at.

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

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English Grammar A2 Level for Slovene speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

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