Unit 10.1

Primerjalni stavki: As … as


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Introduction

Primerjave s pridevniki in prislovi uporabljamo za primerjanje stvari, ljudi in dejanj, izražanje enakosti ali neenakosti med njimi.

Primernik enakosti [comparative of equality] (stavek as…as [as…as clause]) uporabljamo z enakim namenom.

{glej Primerjave s predevniki in prislovi, stopnja A1}

Form

Strukturo primernika enakosti (stavek as…as) ponavadi najdemo v treh oblikah:

Trdilna:
Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …

Nikalna:
Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …

Vprašalna:
Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …?
Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …?

Example

  1. Identične stvari
    • This box of biscuits is as big as mine.
    • This restaurant makes food as good as my mum’s.
  2. Različne stvari
    • A kilo of potatoes is not as expensive as a kilo of steaks.
    • Her mountain boots are not as cheap as his backpack.
  3. Spraševanje po informacijah o enakosti/neenakosti
    • Is this box of biscuits as big as mine?
    • Do I have champagne as cold as yours?

Use

Primernik enakosti (stavek as…as) uporabljamo:

  1. Ko govorimo o identičnih stvareh (trdilna);
  2. Ko govorimo o različnih stvareh (nikalna);
  3. Ko sprašujemo po informacijah o enakosti/neenakosti različnih stvari (vprašalna).

Summary

Primernik enakosti [comparative of equality] (ali as…as stavek [as…as clause]) uporabljamo za poudarjanje enakosti ali neenakosti med dvema stvarema, ljudema ali dejanjema.

  • Trdilna:
    Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
    Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …
  • Nikalna:
    Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
    Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …
  • Vprašalna:
    Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …?
    Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …?

Na primer:
— Trdilna: “My doll is as lovely as yours.”
— Nikalna: “My doll is not as lovely as yours.”
— Vprašalna: “Is my doll as lovely as yours?

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

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