Clauzele comparative: As … as


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Introduction

Comparațiile [Comparisons] cu adjectivele [adjectives] și adverbele [adverbs] se utilizează pentru a compara obiecte, oameni sau acțiuni, exprimând egalitățile sau inegalitățile dintre ele.

Comparația de egalitate [comparative of equality] (clauza as…as) se folosește pentru același scop.

{vezi Comparațiile cu Adjectivele și Adverbele, Nivelul A1}

Form

De obicei, găsim structura comparației de egalitate (clauza as…as) în cele trei forme.

Afirmativ:
Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …

Negativ:
Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …

Interogativ:
Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …?
Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …?

Example

Când întrebăm despre egalitate/inegalitate

  • Is this box of biscuits as big as mine?
  • Do I have champagne as cold as yours?

Obiecte identice

  • This box of biscuits is as big as mine.
  • This restaurant makes food as good as my mum’s.

Obiecte diferite

  • A kilo of potatoes is not as expensive as a kilo of steaks.
  • Her mountain boots are not as cheap as his backpack.

Use

Folosim comparația de egalitate (clauza as…as) pentru a:

  1. vorbi despre obiecte identice (afirmativ);
  2. vorbi despre obiecte diferite (negativ);
  3. întreba despre egalitate/inegalitate sau obiecte distincte (interogativ).

Summary

Comparația de egalitate [comparative of equality] (sau clauza as…as) se utilizează pentru a accentua egalitatea sau inegalitatea dintre două obiecte, persoane sau acțiuni.

  • Afirmativ:
    Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
    Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …
  • Negativ:
    Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
    Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …
  • Interogativ:
    Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …?
    Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …?

De exemplu:
— Afirmative: „My doll is as lovely as yours.”
— Negativ: „My doll is not as lovely as yours.”
— Interogativ: „Is my doll as lovely as yours?

Să revizuim acest conținut în secțiunea {Form}.Vezi secțiunea {Example} care explică utilizarea în interiorul contextului.

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