Unit 10.1

Comparative Clauses: As … as


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Introduction

Comparative Adjectives sind Determinanten, die verwendet werden, um einen Vergleich zwischen zwei Dingen, Menschen oder Handlungen zu machen, um die Gleichheiten oder Ungleichheiten zwischen ihnen auszudrücken.

Um Gleichheit oder Ungleichheit zwischen zwei Dingen, Menschen oder Handlungen zu zeigen, verwenden wir gewöhnlich den Comparative of Equality (as…as/Klausel).

EXTRA: Comparative Adjectives = Vergleichende Adjektive; Comparative of Equality = Vergleich der Gleichheit.

Form

Affirmative

Der Comparative of Equality in seiner Affirmativen Form hat diese Bildung:
Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …

Negative

Der Comparative of Equality in seiner Negative form hat diese Bildung:
Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …

Interrogative

Der Comparative of Equality in seiner Interrogative form hat diese Bildung:
Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …?
Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …?

Example

Ask information about equality/inequality

  • Is this box of biscuits as big as mine?
  • Do I have champagne as cold as yours?

Talk about identical things (affirmatives)

  • This box of biscuits is as big as mine.
  • This restaurant makes food as good as my mum’s.

Talk about different things (negatives)

  • A kilo of potatoes is not as expensive as a kilo of steaks.
  • Her mountain boots are not as cheap as his backpack.

Use

Wir verwenden den Comparative of Equality (as…as/Klausel), um Vergleiche zu machen:

  1. über identische Sachen zu sprechen (Affirmative Form);
  2. über verschiedene Sachen zu sprechentalk about different things (Negative Form);
  3. Informationen über eine Gleichheit/Ungleichheit zu fragen (Interrogative Form).

Summary

Wenn wir die Gleichheit oder Ungleichheit zwischen zwei Dingen, Menschen oder Handlungen hervorheben wollen, verwenden wir den Comparative of Equality (oder die as…as/Klausel) und verwenden vergleichende Adjektive.

Die Affirmative Form wird verwendet, um Gleichheit auszudrücken, die Negative Form für Ungleichheit und die Interrogative Form, um die Gleichheit oder Ungleichheit von zwei Dingen, Menschen oder Handlungen zu fragen.

  • Affirmative:
    Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
    Subject + verb + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …
  • Negative:
    Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …
    Subject + verb + not + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …
  • Interrogative:
    Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + as + object + …?
    Verb + subject + as + adjective/adverb + noun + as + object + …?

Zum Beispiel:
— „My doll is as lovely as yours.“ = Es erklärt eine Gleichheit zwischen zwei Sachen.
— „I am not as beautiful as you are.“ = Es erklärt eine Gleichheit zwischen zwei Subjekten.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.

Exercises


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