Unit 6.1

Neštevni samostalniki


Print This Post Print This Post

Advertising

Introduction

Samostalniki [nouns] se nanašajo na osebo, kraj, stvar, dogodek, snov ali pojav.

Neštevni samostalniki [uncountable nouns] so samostalniki, ki se jih ne da enostavno prešteti, in ki jih dojemamo kot snov {glej Samostalniki – Števni & neštevni, stopnja A1}.

Form

Neštevni samostalniki se nanašajo na stvari, ki jih dojemamo kot množico, ne pa kot ločene predmete. Poznamo tri tipe neštevnih samostalnikov: 

  1. Samo z edninsko obliko: advice, baggage, energy, hair, homework, information, money
  2. Samo z množinsko obliko: clothes, groceries, news, regards, thanks
  3. Neštevni, ko se nanašamo na splošni pomen in števni, ko se nanašamo na specifično stvar ali pomen: a type of, a kind of…, materiali in tekočine: glass, paper, coffee, water…, ali abstraktni samostalniki: life, time

Example

  1. Samo edninski neštevni samostalniki
    • My baggage is so heavy because of the camera in it!
    • Her energy as a salsa dancer is incredible!
    • Their money was not enough to buy the painting.
  2. Samo množinski neštevni samostalniki:
    • Could you get the groceries?
    • He told me some news about your journey.
    • We send our thanks to the director.
  3. Uporaba tako števnih kot neštevnih:
    • She has a lot of glass bowls. / Does she want a glass of coke?
    • Can I borrow some coffee? / Shall I get a coffee (= a cup of coffee)?
    • I need more time. / I miss the times of my internship ( = a specific period).

Use

Neštevni samostalniki se ponavadi nanašajo na abstraktne ideje, snovi, materiale, pline in tekočine.

Summary

Neštevni samostalniki [uncountable nouns] se nanašajo na stvari, ki jih dojemamo kot množico in ne kot ločene predmete. Poznamo tri tipe neštevnih samostalnikov:

  • Samo edninski neštevni samostalniki: advice, baggage, energy hair, homework, information, money
  • Samo množinski neštevni samostalniki: clothes, groceries, news, regards, thanks
  • Tako neštevna kot števna uporaba: a type of…, a kind of…; coffee, glass, paper, water… (materiali in tekočine); lifetime… (abstraktni samostalniki).

Na primer:
— “I don´t have energy for another trip.” = Energy ima samo edninsko neštevno obliko.
— “I will tell you later the news of today.” = News ima samo množinsko neštevno obliko.
— “Can I have some coffee?” / “Can I have a coffee?“= Coffee se nanaša na kavo kot prah (edninski neštevni), in a coffee ima implicirani pomen a cup of coffee (edninski števni).

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

Exercises


The exercises are not created yet. If you would like to get involve with their creation, be a contributor.



Ambassadors

Open TextBooks are collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone and everywhere.

Become an Ambassador and write your textbooks.

Online Teaching

Become a Books4Languages Online tutor & teacher.

More information here about how to be a tutor.

Translations


Ambassadors

The Books4Languages is a collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone, everywhere.

License