Unit 1.2

For in since s present perfectom


Print This Post Print This Post

Advertising

Introduction

Predlogi [prepositions] so majhne besede, ki so povezane z drugimi elementi v povedi. Pomembne so, ker nam dajejo dodatne podrobnosti o povedi s tem da krajevno in časovno umeščajo dogodke, ljudi in predmete.

Za časovno umestitev dogodka in dodajanje podatkov o njegovem trajanju uporabljamo predloga for (za) in since (od).

Form

Predloga for in since imata enak splošni namen, ampak drugačno konotacijo. Ko se nanašamo na sedanjost, z njimi vedno uporabljamo present perfect glagola.

Strukture so:
… + for + period of time + …
… + since + starting point + …

Example

For

  • I have studied Dutch for 4 years.
  • I‘ve known her for ten years.
  • She has attended the Spanish course for three months.

Since

  • I have studied Dutch since 2011.
  • I‘ve known her since 2006.
  • She has attended the Spanish course since January.

Use

For ponavadi uporabljamo za opisovanje časovnega obdobja, v katerem se je dogodek zgodil (2 years, 6 weeks, 10 days…). Dogodek, izražen s for, ima še vedno vpliv v času pogovora.

Ponavadi since uporabljamo za izražanje točne začetne točke dogodka (last year, 1996, I arrived…).

Summary

For in since pomagata umestiti dogodek v časovni okvir in dajeta informacije o njegovi dolžini. Ko se nanašamo na sedajost, vedno uporabimo present perfect.

  • For uporabljamo za izražanje dolžine časovnega obdobja, ki še vedno poteka:
    … + for + period of time + …
  • Since uporabljamo za izražanje točne sedanje ali pretekle začetne točke dogodka:
    … + since + starting point + …

Na primer:
— “I‘ve been a fireman for 16 years.” = For uporabljamo za izražanje dolžine dejanja.
— “I’ve been a fireman since 2000.” = Since uporabljamo za izražanje začetnega datuma dejanja.

Ponovi to vsebino v delu {Form} in si poglej del {Example}, ki prikazuje rabo v kontekstu.

Exercises


The exercises are not created yet. If you would like to get involve with their creation, be a contributor.



Ambassadors

Open TextBooks are collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone and everywhere.

Become an Ambassador and write your textbooks.

Online Teaching

Become a Books4Languages Online tutor & teacher.

More information here about how to be a tutor.

Translations


Ambassadors

The Books4Languages is a collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone, everywhere.

License