Unit 3.1

Pronombres Reflexivos


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Introduction

Los pronombres [pronouns] son palabras utilizadas para evitar repeticiones de un sustantivo. {ver Pronombres Personales de Subjeto, Nivel, A1}.

Usamos los pronombres reflexivos [reflexive pronouns] para enfatizar el sujeto de la oración.

Form

Los pronombres reflexivos pueden considerarse como la combinación de adjetivos posesivos y la palabra self (singular) y selves (plural).

Subject Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun
I myself
You yourself
He himself
She herself
It itself*
We ourselves
You yourselves
They themselves

*(object/animal)

Example

  • I baked this cake myself (nobody helped me).
  • The businessman replied to the customer himself.
  • The employees shouldn’t blame themselves when clients don’t want to buy a product.

Use

Usamos los pronombres reflexivos para expresar acciones en las que el sujeto y el objeto se refieren a la misma persona o cosa.

Es decir, la persona que realiza la acción es también la persona que está sujeta a la acción y la que lo experimenta.

Summary

Usamos los pronombres reflexivos [reflexive pronouns] para enfatizar el sujeto de la oración. Los distinguimos por número (-self es singular, -selves es plural) y género.

Los pronombres reflexivos son: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves y themselves.

Por ejemplo:
— «I have to prepare myself for the shopping centre.» = Myself se refiere al sujeto (I).
♦ «I have to prepare my clothes and hair for the shopping centre.» = My se refiere al objeto (clothes).

Vamos a revisar este contenido dentro de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en contexto.

Exercises


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