Kata Ganti Refleksif


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Introduction

Kata ganti [pronouns] adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menghindari pengulangan kata benda {lihat Kata Ganti Subjek, Level A1}.

Kata ganti refleksif [reflexive pronouns] digunakan untuk memberikan penekanan pada subjek kalimat dimaksud.

Form

Kata ganti refleksif dianggap sebagai penggabungan dari kata sifat kepemilikan dan kata self (selves untuk bentuk jamak).

Subject Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun
I myself
You yourself
He himself
She herself
It itself*
We ourselves
You yourselves
They themselves

*(objek/hewan)

Example

  • I baked this cake myself (tidak ada orang lain yang membantu saya).
  • The businessman replied to the customer himself.
  • The employees shouldn’t blame themselves when clients don’t want to buy a product.

Use

Kata ganti refleksif digunakan untuk menjelaskan tindakan dimana subjek dan objek mengacu kepada orang atau hal yang sama. Dengan kata lain orang yang melakukan tindakan juga adalah subjek sama yang mengalami kata kerja pada kalimat tersebut.

Summary

Kata ganti refleksif [reflexive pronouns] digunakan untuk memberikan penekanan pada subjek kalimat. Kita dapat membedakannya berdasarkan jumlah  (-self untuk bentuk  tunggal, -selves untuk bentuk jamak) dan jenis kelamin.

Kata ganti refleksif antara lain: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves dan themselves.

Contoh:
— “I have to prepare myself for the shopping centre.” = Myself mengacu kepada subjek (I).
♦ “I have to prepare my clothes and hair for the shopping centre.” = My mengacu kepada objek (clothes).

Revisi kembali pelajaran ini di bagian {Form}. Perhatikan bagian {Example} tentang cara penggunaannya dalam sebuah konteks kalimat.

Exercises


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