Kata Ganti Penghubung untuk Tempat dan Waktu


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Introduction

Kata ganti [pronouns] adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menghindari pengulangan kata benda {lihat Kata Ganti Subjek, Level A1}.

Kata ganti penghubung [relative pronouns] digunakan untuk menyampaikan klausa penghubung. Kata ganti ini dapat mengacu kepada tempat atau waktu dengan menggantikan subjek dari klausa utama untuk menghindari pengulangannya pada klausa penghubung {lihat Kata Ganti Penghubung, Level A1}.

Form

Kata ganti penghubung where dan when diletakkan setelah kata benda.

Example

Where

  • This is the shopping centre where I bought a gift for my mom.
  • It is the butcher’s where my brother worked.
  • This is the hotel where we stayed during our trip.

When

  • I can’t forget the day when my dad opened our bakery.
  • The winter when I started working as a shop assistant was cold.
  • The day when the hairdresser died was my birthday.

Use

Where dan when digunakan untuk menyampaikan klausa penghubung. Kita menggunakan:

  • Where untuk mengetahui tempat dimana suatu tindakan terjadi;
  • When untuk mengetahui waktu terjadinya suatu tindakan.

Summary

Kata ganti penghubung [relative pronouns] where (tempat) and when (waktu) digunakan untuk menyampaikan klausa penghubung, dan untuk menghindari pengulangan subjek dari klausa utama dalam klausa penghubung. Kedua kata ganti tersebut diletakkan setelah kata benda.

Contoh:
“I work in London, where 8 million people live.” = Where mengacu kepada London (tempat).
— “I worked in London last summer, when you were in the countryside
.” = When mengacu kepada periode kerja di London (waktu).

Revisi kembali pelajaran ini di bagian {Form}. Perhatikan bagian {Example} tentang cara penggunaannya dalam sebuah konteks kalimat.

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