Wh- Questions untuk Bentuk Lampau


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Introduction

Wh- questions selalu dimulai dengan salah satu kata tanya wh- question (kata ganti tanya), yang menunjukkan jenis informasi yang diinginkan {lihat Wh- Questions, Level A1}.

Kita juga dapat menggunakannya untuk membuat kalimat tanya tentang masa lampau.

Form

Kata tanya wh- question antara lain adala: when, where, why, which, what, whose, who, whom dan how.

Untuk menanyakan sesuatu di waktu lampau, kita cukup menggunakan kata kerja bentuk lampau:

  • Dengan kata bantu kerja:
    Wh- question word + auxiliary verb (past form) + subject + verb +…?
  • Tanpa kata bantu kerja:
    What/Who + verb (past form) + …?
    Which/Whose + noun + verb (past form) + …?
  • Dengan kata kerja modal:
    Wh- question word + modal verb (past form) + subject + verb + …?
    Wh- question word + auxiliary verb (past form) + subject + modal verb + verb + …?

Example

  • Dengan kata bantu kerja
    • Where did you travel last year?
    • Why did you buy a new car?
    • What did you do yesterday?
  • Tanpa kata bantu kerja
    • What broke the PC?
    • Who called the police?
    • Whose phone rang?
  • Dengan kata kerja modal
    • How should he tell her he is a prince?
    • What could I do at that moment?
    • Why did you need to judge everyone?

Use

Kita dapat menggunakan kata tanya wh-questions untuk membentuk pertanyaan tentang masa lampau.

Summary

Kita dapat membentuk pertanyaan tentang masa lampau dengan diawali salah satu kata tanya wh- question.

Kata tanya tersebut antara lain adalah: when, where, why, which, what, whose, who, whom dan how.

Contoh:
— Dengan kata bantu kerja: “Where did you sleep last night?” = Kata tersebut menanyakan tempat di mana aksi dimaksud terjadi.
— Tanpa kata bantu kerja: “Who programmed this software?” = Kata tersebut menanyakan subjek dari tindakan dimaksud.
— Dengan kata kerja modal: “When will you arrive?” = Kata tersebut menanyakan waktu ketika aksi dimaksud terjadi.

Revisi kembali pelajaran ini di bagian {Form}. Perhatikan bagian {Example} tentang cara penggunaannya dalam sebuah konteks kalimat.

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