Unit 11.1

Wh- Galderak iragan forman

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Introduction

Wh- galderak wh- galdera hitz batekin hasten dira beti (galdera izenordainak), hauek ze informazio mota nahi dugu erakusten digute. [Ikusi Wh- Galderak orainaldi forman, level A1]

Wh- galderak iragan forman informazioa galdetzeko erabiltzen dira iraganean.

Form

[Ikusi Wh- Galderak orainaldi forman, level A1]

Iragan forman (biak sinple eta jarraituan) aditz laguntzaile eta modalen iragan formak erabiltzen ditugu.

Wh- galderak orainaldi forman hurrengo egitura daukate:

  • Aditz laguntzaile batekin:
    Wh- question word + auxiliary verb (past form) + subject + verb +…?
  • Aditz modal batekin:
    Wh- question word + modal verb (past form) + subject + verb + …?
  • Aditz laguntzaile gabe:
    What/who + verb (past form) + …?
    Which/whose + noun + verb (past form) + …?

Example

  1. When was the Second World War?
  2. Where did you live 10 years ago?
  3. Why did she move to London?
  4. Which course did you choose?
  5. What did the director tell you?
  6. Whose child was that?
  7. Who ate all the chocolate
  8. Whom did he call?
  9. How did you get there?

Use

[Ikusi Wh- Galderak orainaldi forman, level A1]

Summary

Wh-galderak, wh- galdera hitzekin hasten dira: whatwhenwherewhichwhowhomwhosewhy eta how.

Wh- galdera hitzak galdera sarrarazten dute.

Adibidez:
— “Where did you buy this coat?” = Where-ek galdera zuzena sarrarazten du, erantzun kopuru infinito daudelako.
♦ “Did you buy this coat in the new shop?” = Bai/ez galderek erantzun laburra daukate bai edo ez erabiliz, zehar galderak ere deitzen dira.

OHARRA: (be/have) aditz laguntzailea edo (can/could/would) aditz modala wh-galderaren atzetik jartzen dira eta subjektuaren aurretik.

Berrikusi dezagun {Form} atalaren edukia. Begira ezazu erabilera {Examples} atalean testuinguru batean nola erabiltzen den ikusteko.

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