Unit 2.1

Iragan sinplea Ezezkoa

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Introduction

Iragana iragan gertaerak adierazteko erabiltzen da. Iragan sinplea erabiltzen dugu iraganari buruzko iragarpen, sinesmenak edo asmoei buruzko egiturak sarrarazteko.

Ezezko forman erabiltzean, aditzak subjektuari buruz zerbait ezezten du.

Form

Iragan sinpleakezezko forman, hurrengo egitura dauka:
Subject + will + not + verb + …

Subject will + not Verb
I/You/He/She/It will not work
We/You/They will not work

Ezezko formaren forma laburtuak hurrengoak dira: I’ll not/I won’t – you’ll not/you won’t – he’ll not/he won’t…

Example

Promesak

  • I won’t go there, I promise!
  • She promises she won’t wear a bikini.
  • We won’t tell you if he shows up.

Bat-bateko erabakiak

  • I’m not cold, I won’t put my gloves on.
  • Sure, he won’t come tonight.
  • No worries, they won’t call you back!

Itxaropen/iritzi/iragarpenak

  • I hope you won’t leave soon.
  • I think she won’t pay with cash.
  • In my opinion, they won’t buy this business.

Use

Iragan sinpleanezezko forma hurrengorako erabiltzen dugu:

  1. Promesak egiteko;
  2. Bat-bateko erabakiak hartzeko;
  3. Itxaropen, iritzi edo iragarpenak adierazteko.

Summary

Iragan sinpleaezezko forman, iraganari buruzko iragarpen, sinesmenak edo asmoak ezezteko erabiltzen dugu.

Iragan sinplea ezezko forman, subjektuarekin hasten gara will not eta aditzaren oinarrizko formarekin ondoren.

Adibidez:
— “We will not work on important projects next month.” = iragan sinple ezezko esaldia, beraz, will not erabiltzen dugu to work aditzaren oinarrizko formaren aurretik (will not work).
♦ “We don’t work on important projects.” = orainaldi sinple ezezko esaldia, beraz do not gehi to work aditzaren oinarrizko forma erabiltzen dugu (do not work).

Berrikusi dezagun {Form} atalaren edukia. Begira ezazu erabilera {Examples} atalean testuinguru batean nola erabiltzen den ikusteko.

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