Unit 12.2

Viejo, ya no existe


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Introduction

Podemos usar la estructura to- infinitivo  [to-infinitive] para expresar el propósito de alguien (la razón o el objetivo de una acción).

Form

La estructura de to-infinitivo (to work) es casi la misma que la del infinitivo cero (work).

Para obtener la forma negativa, añadimos not antes del infinitivo (not to work).

Example

  • I went outside to help my mom, not to help you.
  • He called me to invite us to the beach, not to invite us to the picnic.
  • We travelled to see my classmates, not to get married.

Use

Usamos el infinitivo to- después de algunos verbos para expresar un propósito, pero nunca después de los verbos modales. Además, no se usa (con o sin to-) después de preposiciones.

Summary

Se utiliza la estructura infinitivo to- para expresar el propósito de alguien. Para formar la forma negativa, añadimos not antes del to- infinitivo.

Por ejemplo:
— «I have to find an excuse to go to the cinema with them.» = El sujeto expresa su propósito de ir al cine.
— «I have to find an excuse not to go to the cinema with them.» = El sujeto expresa su propósito de no ir al cine.

NOTA: No se usa después de los verbos modales o después de preposiciones (con o sin to-).

Vamos a revisar este contenido dentro de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en contexto.

Exercises


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