Unit 4.2

Cláusulas Temporales Subordinadas


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Introduction

Las cláusulas temporales [temporal clauses] son parte de las cláusulas adverbiales que están compuestas por cláusulas independientes y dependientes, vinculadas por conectores. Los conectores de cláusulas temporales se refieren a un punto específico en el tiempo.

Form

La cláusula temporal puede expresarse a través de dos tipos de estructuras que se diferencian en el orden de las palabras pero no en el significado:

  • Connector + clause + , + clause
  • Clause + connector + clause

Se forman las cláusulas con subjeto + verbo. Los conectores son: before, after, when y while.

Example

Before

  • Before I go to work, I drink coffee.
    I drink a coffee before I go to work.
  • Before it starts raining, we should leave.
    We should leave before it starts raining.

After

  • After you fainted, the ambulance came.
    The ambulance came after you fainted.
  • After we got to know her, we realized she was selfish.
    We realized she was selfish after we got to know her.

When

  • When she had a disease, she felt bad.
    She felt bad when she had a disease.
  • When they were sleeping, the light was on.
    The light was on when they were sleeping.

While

  • While you were reading, they had some coffee.
    They had some coffee while you were reading.
  • While he is doing the exercise, he feels good.
    He feels good while he is doing the exercise.

Use

Usamos las cláusulas temporales para formar oraciones más complejas y localizar un evento en un momento o periodo específico.

La cláusula temporal tiene sentido debido a los conectores siguientes:

  • Before (evento anterior);
  • After (evento posterior);
  • When (en un momento específico);
  • While (al mismo tiempo que otro evento).

Summary

Usamos las cláusulas temporales [temporal clauses] para formar oraciones más complejas y localizar un evento en un momento o periodo específico. Normalmente están compuestas por dos partes: las cláusulas independientes y dependientes, que están vinculadas por un conector.

Estos conectores son: before, after, when y while.

Las estructuras son:
Connector + clause + , + clause
Clause + connector + clause

Por ejemplo:
«Before you cook dinner, I’ll have a shower.» / «I’ll have a shower before you cook dinner.» = shower es el primer evento que tiene lugar y dinner el segundo.
«After you cook dinner, I’ll have a shower.» / «I’ll have a shower after you cook dinner.» = dinner es el primer evento que tiene lugar y shower el segundo.
«When the dinner is ready, I’ll have a shower.» / «I’ll have a shower when the dinner is ready.» = shower es el segundo evento que pasa en un momento específico.
«While you cook dinner, I’ll have a shower.» / «I’ll have a shower while you cook dinner.» = Los dos eventos ocurren al mismo tiempo.

Vamos a revisar este contenido dentro de la sección {Form}. Echa un vistazo a la sección {Example} que muestra su uso en contexto.

Exercises


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