Temporal Subordinate Clauses

Introduction

Vremenske rečenice [temporal clauses] dio su priložnih rečenica. Tvore se pomoću zavisne i nezavisne rečenice koje su povezane veznicima. Veznici vremenskih rečenica odnose se na određen trenutak u vremenu.

Form

Vremenska rečenica može imati dvije različite strukture ovisno o položaju riječi u rečenici, ali ne i o značenju:

  • Connector + clause + , + clause
  • Clause + connector + clause

Rečenice se tvore pomoću subjektaglagola. Veznici su: beforeafterwhen i while

Example

Before

  • Before I go to work, I drink coffee.
    I drink a coffee before I go to work.
  • Before it starts raining, we should leave.
    We should leave before it starts raining.

After

  • After you fainted, the ambulance came.
    The ambulance came after you fainted.
  • After we got to know her, we realized she was selfish.
    We realized she was selfish after we got to know her.

When

  • When she had a disease, she felt bad.
    She felt bad when she had a disease.
  • When they were sleeping, the light was on.
    The light was on when they were sleeping.

While

  • While you were reading, they had some coffee.
    They had some coffee while you were reading.
  • While he is doing the exercise, he feels good.
    He feels good while he is doing the exercise.

Use

Vremenske rečenice koristimo za tvorbu složenih rečenica i za smještanje događaja u specifični trenutak ili period. Vremenske rečenice dobivaju smisao zahvaljujući sljedećim veznicima:

  • Before (prošli događaj);
  • After (slijedeći događaji);
  • When (u specifičnom trenutku);
  • While (paralelno s drugim događajem).

Summary

Vremenske rečenice [temporal clauses] koriste se za tvorbu složenih rečenica i smještanje radnje u određeni vremenski period. Uobičajeno se sastoje od dva dijela: nezavisnog i zavisnog koji su povezani veznicima.

Veznici su: beforeafterwhen i while.

Strukture:
Connector + clause + , + clause
Clause + connector + clause

Naprimjer:
— Before you cook dinner, I’ll have a shower.” / “I’ll have a shower before you cook dinner.” = Tuširanje je radnja prije večeranja.
— After you cook dinner, I’ll have a shower.” / “I’ll have a shower after you cook dinner.” = Večeranje je radnja prije tuširanja.
— When the dinner is ready, I’ll have a shower.” / “I’ll have a shower when the dinner is ready.” = Tuširanje je druga radnja koja se događa u specifičnom trenutku.
— While you cook dinner, I’ll have a shower.” / “I’ll have a shower while you cook dinner.” = Paralelne radnje.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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