Past Continuous Affirmative

Tenses

Prošlo trajno vrijeme [past continuous ili progressive] je glagolsko vrijeme koje se koristi za izricanje radnji koje su trajale neko vrijeme, koje su bile prekinute nekom drugom radnjom te za one koje su se događale paralelno s nekom drugom radnjom.

Kad se koristi u potvrdnom obliku, glagol potvrđuje nešto o subjektu.

Past continuous, u potvrdnom obliku, ima ovu strukturu:
Subject + was/were + [verb + -ing] + …

  • Was/were: past simple glagola to be.
Subjectwas/wereVerb + -ing
Iwasworking
Youwereworking
He/She/Itwasworking
We/You/Theywereworking
  1. Dulja radnja u pozadini koja je prekinuta kraćom
    • I was running in the park when you sent me that message.
    • She was doing sport when I called her.
    • They were watching TV when she got back from work.
  2. Događaj koji se dogodio u određenom trenutku u prošlosti
    • It was 9 o’ clock when I was running in the park.
    • I called her at 11:45 and she was doing sport.
    • She returned from work at 7 o’ clock and they were still watching TV.
  3. Neprekinuta radnja koja je trajala određeno vrijeme
    • I was running.
    • He was crossing the road.
    • We were watching TV during our break.
  4. Duljina vremenskog perioda u prošlosti
    • I was working in the bakery last summer.
    • She was doing sports every day last year.
    • They were watching TV all day when they were young.
  5. Prošle paralelne radnje
    • I was running while she was walking.
    • She was doing sport while her mother was cooking.
    • We were talking while the kids were watching TV.
  6. Slijed događaja u prošlosti
    • I went to the park, the kids were playing on the grass, their parents were sitting on the fence and some teenagers were running.
    • She went home and her mother was working on the laptop, her father was watching tv and her sister was studying.
    • We went to the doctor today and while waiting, some patients were reading magazines, some were talking on the phone and the secretary was typing on the computer.
  7. Ponovljene ili dosadne radnje (s always)
    • I was always going to class late.
    • She was doing sports every day for years to become a good athlete.
    • They were always watching TV on high volume late at night.

Past continuous, u potvrdnom obliku, koristimo za potvrđivanje događaja koji su se dogodili u prošlosti. Najčešće se koristi kad želimo izreći da je neka radnja trajala duže vrijeme.

Past continuous se koristi u slijedećim slučajevima:

  1. Dulja radnja u pozadini koja je prekinuta kraćom (nešto se iznenada dogodilo kad je druga, duža radnja još trajala);
  2. Događaj koji se dogodio u određenom trenutku u prošlosti (s datumom, satom ili određenom vremenskom informacijom o događaju);
  3. Neprekinuta radnja koja je trajala određeno vrijeme (događaj u prošlosti koji je trajao duži vremenski period);
  4. Duljina vremenskog perioda u prošlosti (događaj u prošlosti koje je trajao duži vremenski period);
  5. Prošle paralelne radnje (dvije radnje koje su se odvijale u isto vrijeme);
  6. Slijed događaja u prošlosti  (obično se koristi za opisivanje situacija u kojima su se u isto vrijeme odvijali različiti događaji);
  7. Ponovljene ili dosadne radnje (s always ili sličnim izrazima koji upućuju na ponovljeni događaj).

Prošlo trajno vrijeme [past continuous ili progressive], u potvrdnom obliku, koristimo za potvrđivanje radnji koje su trajale neko vrijeme, koje su bile prekinute nekom drugom radnjom te za one koje su se događale paralelno s nekom drugom radnjom.

Struktura:
Subject + was/were + [verb + -ing] + …

Naprimjer:
— “was playing football when the phone rang.” = Koristimo past continuous za radnju koja je bila prekinuta drugom iznenadnom radnjom (izraženom u past simplu).
♦ “played football.” = Koristimo past simple za radnju koja je počela i završila u prošlosti.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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English Grammar A2 level for Croatian speakers Autorska prava © 2018 od books4languages. Sva prava pridržana.

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