Should: Modal Auxiliary Verb


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Introduction

Modalni glagol [modal verb] je vrsta pomoćnog glagola koji sam nema značenje, ali može oblikovati glavni glagol tako da mu mijenja značenje i daje više informacija o njegovoj radnji.

Should je modalni glagol koji je koristi za izricanje obaveza ili dužnosti kroz savjete ili preporuke.

Form

Should je uvijek isti, čak i u trećem licu jednine. Dolazi u tri oblika:

Affirmative

Struktura u potvrdnom obliku:
Subject + should + verb + …

Subject should Verb
I/You should work
He/She/It should work
We/You/They should work

Negative

Struktura u negativnom obliku:
Subject + should + not + verb + …

  • Skraćeni negativni oblik: shouldn’t.
Subject should + not Verb
I/You should not work
He/She/It should not work
We/You/They should not work

Interrogative

Struktura u upitnom obliku:
Should + subject + verb + …?

Should Subject Verb Question
Mark
Should I/you work ?
Should he/she/it work ?
Should we/you/they work ?

Example

  1. Slabija obaveza ili dužnost
    • I should never be late to school again!
    • He shouldn’t talk to his classmates during the exam.
    • We should always wear a seat belts whilst driving a car.
  2. Savjet (preporuka)
    • You should be quiet when you visit a public library.
    • She shouldn’t revise the parts that are not to be examined.
    • Should we memorise this rule?

Use

Should nema toliku jačinu kao mustShould koristimo kad:

  1. Ukazujemo na slabiju obavezu ili dužnost;
  2. Dajemo ili pitamo za savjet (preporuku).

Summary

Modalni glagol should koristi se za izricanje slabijih obaveza, dužnosti. Nema toliko snažno značenje kao must.

Struktura:

  • Potvrdni oblik: Subject + should + verb + …
  • Negativni oblik: Subject + should + not + verb + …
  • Upitni oblik: Should + subject + verb + …?

Naprimjer:
— Potvrdni oblik: “You should do your homework to understand the subject.” = Should se koristi za davanje prijateljskih savjeta.
— Negativni oblik: “You shouldn´t do your homework to understand the subject.” = Shouldn’t se koristi za davanje prijateljskih savjeta.
— Upitni oblik: “Should you do your homework to understand the subject?” = Should? se koristi za potvrdu savjeta.
♦ “You must do your homework or you will fail the class.” = Must izriče snažniju obavezu.

Pregledajte sadržaj u odjeljku [Form] te bacite pogled na odjeljak [Example] koji pokazuje njegovu upotrebu unutar konteksta.

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