Unit 2.1

Future Simple Negative

Tenses

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Introduction

The future is the tense used to express future events. We use the future simple structure to introduce predictions, beliefs or intentions about the future.

When expressed in its negative form, the verb denies something about the subject.

Form

The future simple, in its negative form, has this structure:
Subject + will + not + verb + …

Subjectwill + notVerb
I/You/He/She/Itwill notwork
We/You/Theywill notwork

Short version of the negative form is: I’ll not/I won’t – you’ll not/you won’t – he’ll not/he won’t…

Example

Promises

  • I won’t go there, I promise!
  • She promises she won’t wear a bikini.
  • We won’t tell you if he shows up.

Spontaneous decisions

  • I’m not cold, I won’t put my gloves on.
  • Sure, he won’t come tonight.
  • No worries, they won’t call you back!

Hopes/opinions/predictions

  • I hope you won’t leave soon.
  • I think she won’t pay with cash.
  • In my opinion, they won’t buy this business.

Use

We use future simple, in its negative form to:

  1. Make promises;
  2. Make spontaneous decisions;
  3. Express hopes, opinions or predictions.

Summary

We use the future simple, in the negative form, to deny predictions, beliefs or intentions about the future.

When we use future simple in its negative form, we start with the subject, followed by will not and the verb in its base form.

For example:
— “We will not work on important projects next month.” = The sentence is in the future simple negative, so we use will not followed by the base form of the verb to work (will not work).
♦ “We don’t work on important projects.” = The sentence is in the present simple negatve, so we use do not followed by the base form of the verb to work (do not work).

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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