Unit 1.2

Past Participle

Verbs

The Past participle is a verb that is used to form other tenses (such as the present perfect).

Many past participle forms of verbs are irregular.

The Past participle is a form of the verb that is used in formation of past perfect, past perfect continuous, present perfect, present perfect continuous, future perfect, future perfect continuous and passive tenses.

Regular

Regular past participles follow all the formation rules of past simple that is made by adding -ed at the end of the verbs.

{check the topic Present Perfect}.

Irregular

Irregular past participle verbs do not follow this rule, we have to learn them by heart.

The most commonly used irregular verbs are:

VerbPast Participle
becomebecome
breakbroken
bringbrought
buybought
dodone
drawdrawn
drinkdrunk
eateaten
feelfelt
findfound
gogone
havehad
hearheard
keepkept
readread
runrun
saysaid
seeseen
teachtaught
writewritten

 

Past Perfect

  • I had studied every night.
  • He had finished the course this year.
  • We had fought many times.

Past perfect continuous

  • I had been studying every night.
  • He had been finishing the course this year.
  • We had been fighting many times.

Present Perfect

  • I have studied every night this week.
  • He has finished the course recently.
  • We have fought a lot.

Future Perfect

  • I will have studied every night.
  • He will have finished the course by the end of the year.
  • We will have fought a lot.

Future perfect continuous

  • I will have been studying every night for weeks.
  • He will have been finishing the course.
  • We will have been fighting too much.

We use the past participle to form verbs in different tenses.

The past participle is a verb form which is used in the formation of many tenses. It is made by adding -ed at the end of the verbs, but there are many verbs that are irregular.

For example:
— Regular : “Watch” ⇒ “I have watched a great movie tonight.” = We add -ed at the end of the verb.
— Irregular: “Write” ⇒ “I have written many e-mails today.” / “I have writed many e-mails today.” = The verb write is irregular, so it does not follow the rule, but rather changes to written.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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