Unit 1.2

Present Simple Affirmative

Tenses

The present simple is the tense used to express permanent situations or events that regularly repeat or always occur.

When expressed in its affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

The present simple uses the base form of the verb, in its affirmative form, has this structure:
Subject + verb + …

  • For the third person singular, we add -s at the end of the verb. Exceptions:
    • Verbs with suffixes -ch, -s, -sh, -x, -z: add -es (watchwatches; kisskisses; crushcrushes; taxtaxes; buzzbuzzes);
    • Verbs ending with a consonant followed by -y: change -y to -i and add -es (cry ⇒ cries);
    • Irregular verbs such as do, go, be and have do not follow any rule: do ⇒ does, go ⇒ goes, be ⇒ is, have ⇒ has.
SubjectVerb
Iwork
Youwork
Heworks
Sheworks
Itworks
Wework
Youwork
Theywork

 

  1. Completed actions that happen as we speak
    • The taxi driver disappears.
  2. Facts
    • Teachers perform an important role in society.
  3. Habits/routines
    • I usually wake up at 8 o’clock.
    • My boss goes to the gym twice a week.
    • We go to the cinema too much.
  4. Informal narrative
    • The housewife transforms into a princess.
  5. Instructions
    • Go straight and turn left.
    • Restart your mobile phone.
    • Dedicate yourself to your studies.
  6. Permanent situations
    • live in Russia.
    • She works in a police station
    • The trainee doctor studies medicine.
  7. Planned future
    • start my new job on 17th June.
    • The exam period ends on 24th December.
    • Emily’s plane lands in two hours.
  8. Promises…
    • promise to buy you a new mobile phone.
  9. Timetables
    • The train leaves at 7 o’clock.

Present simple, in its affirmative form, is used to confirm:

  1. Completed actions that happen as we speak (commentaries);
  2. Facts (things that are generally true, stated);
  3. Habits/routines (something that happens repeatedly in the present);
  4. Informal narrative (when telling a story).
  5. Instructions (orders);
  6. Permanent situations (that have been happening for a while and will be happening in the future);
  7. Planned future (planned events with a given exact date);
  8. Promises;
  9. Timetables (planned events with given exact time).

We use the present simple, in its affirmative form, to confirm situations that regularly, repeatedly or always occur.

When we use the present simple in its affirmative form, we start with the subject followed by the base form of the verb. In the third person singular, we add an –s.

For example:
— “I live in a small flat.” = The sentence is in the present simple affirmative, so we use the base form of the verb to live (live).
— “She lives in a small flat.” = The subject is she, so we add -s to the base form of the verb to live (lives).

There are some exceptions for the third person singular, depending on the ending of the verb.

For example:
— With suffixes -ch, -s, -sh, -x, -z, add -es: “Catch” ⇒ “Catches“.
— With a consonant + -y, change -y to -i and add -es:Try” ⇒ “Tries“.
— With irregular verbs: do ⇒ does, go ⇒ goes, be ⇒ is, havehas

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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