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Unit 6.1

Past Simple Affirmative

Verbs

The past simple is the tense used to express situations, events and actions that happened in the past.

When expressed in its affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

The past simple of regular verbs, in their affirmative form, have this structure:
Subject + [past form of the verb] + …

Regular

Past form of the verb: verb + -ed.

SUBJECTVERB
Iworked
Youworked
Heworked
Sheworked
Itworked
Weworked
Youworked
Theyworked

Irregular

  • Verbs with suffix -y preceded by a consonant: change -y to -i and add -ed.
INFINITIVEVERB
studystudied
crycried
worryworried
  • Verbs with suffix -e: add only -d.
INFINITIVEVERB
hopehoped
decidedecided
arrivearrived
  • Verbs with a consonant suffix (except: w, y) preceded by a stressed vowel: double the consonant and add -ed.
INFINITIVEVERB
stopstopped
banbanned
traveltravelled

Regular

  • I baked delicious biscuits yesterday.
  • He played basketball for 8 years.
  • They visited Estonia in 2012.

Irregular

Consonant + -y

  • I studied a lot for the exams.
  • Their children cried all the time.
  • He applied to Oxford University last year.

Base form with suffix -e

  • I hoped to meet you yesterday.
  • The school decided to call your parents.
  • They arrived in Valencia two days ago.

Stressed vowel + consonant suffix

  • He stopped doing exercise long ago.
  • My friend suggested going to the banned beach.
  • They travelled every summer when they were young.

We use the past simple, in the affirmative form, to confirm:

  • Actions, situations and events that occurred and finished in the past;
  • Repeated events and habits that took place in the past;
  • Past events and with time expressions such as: two weeks ago, last year, in 2010, yesterday

We use the past simple, in the affirmative form, to confirm situations that occurred in the past and have now concluded.

The structure of regular verbs is:
Subject + [past form of the verb] + …

For example:
— Regular verbs: “You ask.” ⇒ “You asked.” = We just add -ed.

The past simple tense of regular verbs is formed differently depending on the base form of the verb used.

For example:
— Suffix -y: “I try.” ⇒ “I tried.” = We change y to i and add -ed.
— Suffix -e: “I dance.” ⇒ “I danced.” = We just add -d.
— Suffix with stressed vowel + consonant (except -w and -y): “I plan.” ⇒ “I planned.” = We double the consonant and add -ed.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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Past Simple Affirmative Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.