Unit 6.1

Past Simple Affirmative

Tenses

The past simple is the tense used to express situations, events and actions that happened in the past.

When expressed in its affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

The past simple of regular verbs, in their affirmative form, has this structure:

Regular

Subject + Verb (Past tense) + …

  • We add -ed at the end of the verb:
SubjectVerb (past tense)
Iworked
Youworked
Heworked
Sheworked
Itworked
Weworked
Youworked
Theyworked

Exceptions

The exceptions of the past simple in their affirmative form are:

  • Verbs with suffix -y preceded by a consonant: change -y to -i and add -ed:
InfinitiveVerb (past tense)
studystudied
crycried
worryworried
  • Verbs with suffix -e: add only -d:
InfinitiveVerb (past tense)
hopehoped
decidedecided
arrivearrived
  • Verbs with a consonant (except: w, y) preceded by a stressed vowel: double the consonant and add -ed:
InfinitiveVerb (past tense)
stopstopped
banbanned
traveltravelled

Regular

  • I planted some trees yesterday.
  • He lived in the mountains for 8 years.
  • They visited the capital in 2012.

Exceptions

Consonant + -y

  • I studied about plants for the exams.
  • Their children cried all the time at the game.
  • He applied to do gymnastics professionally.

Base form with -e

  • I hoped to go skiing.
  • The school decided that all children must do exercise.
  • They arrived at the city centre.

Stressed vowel + consonant suffix

  • He stopped doing exercise long ago.
  • My friend suggested playing the banned game.
  • They travelled all over the place.

We use past simple, in the affirmative form, to confirm:

  1. Actions, situations and events that occurred and finished in the past;
  2. Repeated events and habits that took place in the past;
  3. Past events and with time expressions such as: two weeks agolast yearin 2010yesterday

We use the past simple, in the affirmative form, to confirm situations and event that occurred and finished or were repeated in the past. We also use it with some time expressions. The past simple form is made by adding -ed at the end of the verb.

When we use the past simple in its affirmative form, we start with the subject followed by the verb in the past tense.

For example:
— “You asked.” = The sentence is in the past simple affirmative, so we add -ed at the end of the verb ask (asked).

The past simple tense of regular verbs is formed differently depending on the base form of the verb used.

For example:
— With suffix -y, we change y to i and add -ed:I try.” ⇒ “I tried.”
— With suffix -e, we just add -d. : “I dance.” ⇒ “I danced.”
— With suffix with stressed vowel + consonant (except -w and -y), we double the consonant and add -ed: “I plan.” ⇒ “I planned.”

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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