Unit 10.1

Relative Pronouns


Pronouns are words used to avoid repetitions of a noun.

Relative pronouns are used to introduce relative clauses.

Relative pronouns are used to define or identify the noun that leads them. Usually come after nouns and also can refer to singular or plural without any difference between male and female. They introduce dependent (or relative) clauses and connect them to independent clauses.

Relative pronouns refer to people or things by replacing the subject expressed in the main clause to avoid the repetition of it in the relative clause.  The main relative pronouns of people and things are: whichwho and that.

  • Which
    • I had a banana yesterday, which is my favorite fruit.
    • She is a waitress at the restaurant at which Mary works.
    • We are going to a library which has free internet.
  • Who
    • I am the one who prepared lunch.
    • He is the man who cooked our dinner.
    • They are the teachers who work at his school.
  • That
    • I bought the red wine that you told me about.
    • The breakfast that I had yesterday was great.
    • These are the books that were written by my friend.

We use relative pronouns which and that to identify people and things and to add secondary/additional information about them.

We use also which to avoid the repetition of that (please note that we can sometimes leave out this pronoun).

The use of the relative pronouns of people and things:

Relative PronounsPeopleThings


Relative pronouns are used to introduce relative clauses. They refer to people or things by replacing the subject expressed in the main clause to avoid the repetition of it in the relative clause.

They are: which, who and that.

For example:
— “This is the restaurant which has an Italian menu.” = Which refers to things.
— “The man who owns this restaurant is Italian.” = Who refers to people.
— “The man that owns this restaurant is Italian.” / “This is the restaurant that has an Italian menu.” = That can refer both to people and to things.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.


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