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Unit 7.1

Be going to

Verb Phrase

Be going to is a structure that refers to the future.

Affirmative

Its structure, in the affirmative form, is:
Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

  • Short form of the affirmative form is the same as the short form of to be: I’m – you’re – he’s…
SUBJECTTO BEGOING TOVERB
Iamgoing towork
Youaregoing towork
Heisgoing towork
Sheisgoing towork
Itisgoing towork
Wearegoing towork
Youaregoing towork
Theyaregoing towork

Negative

Its structure, in the negative form, is:
Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

  • Short form of the negative form is the same as the short form of to be: I’m not – you’re not/you aren’t – he’s not/he isn’t…
SUBJECTTO BE + NOTGOING TOVERB
Iam notgoing towork
Youare notgoing towork
Heis notgoing towork
Sheis notgoing towork
Itis notgoing towork
Weare notgoing towork
Youare notgoing towork
Theyare notgoing towork

Interrogative

Its structure, in the interrogative form, is:
To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

TO BESUBJECTGOING TOVERBQUESTION MARK
AmIgoing towork?
Areyougoing towork?
Ishegoing towork?
Isshegoing towork?
Isitgoing towork?
Arewegoing towork?
Areyougoing towork?
Aretheygoing towork?

Affirmative

  • I am going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be the boss.
  • We are going to visit your company today.

Negative

  • I am not going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is not going to be the boss.
  • We are not going to visit your company today.

Interrogative

  • Am I going to the shop this weekend?
  • Is he going to be the boss when he grows up?
  • Are we going to visit your company today?

We use be going to when we want to express intentions and future plans.

NOTE: We can use gonna instead of going to in informal contexts.

Be going to refers to strong intentions and future plans.

  • Affirmative: Subject + to be + going to + verb + …
  • Negative: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …
  • Interrogative: To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

For example:
— Affirmative: “I am going to go to work.
— Negative: “I am not going to go to work, I am going to the shop.
— Interrogative: “Are you going to work?

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

License

Be going to Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.