Unit 7.1

Be going to

Verb Phrase

To Be going to is a structure that refers to the future.

Affirmative

To be going to, in the affirmative form, has this structure:
Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

SubjectTo BeGoing ToVerb
Iamgoing towork
Youaregoing towork
Heisgoing towork
Sheisgoing towork
Itisgoing towork
Wearegoing towork
Youaregoing towork
Theyaregoing towork
  • Short form of the affirmative form is the same as the short form of to be: I’m – you’re – he’s…

Negative

To be going to, in the negative form, has this structure:
Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

SubjectTo Be + notGoing ToVerb
Iam notgoing towork
Youare notgoing towork
Heis notgoing towork
Sheis notgoing towork
Itis notgoing towork
Weare notgoing towork
Youare notgoing towork
Theyare notgoing towork
  • Short form of the negative form is the same as the short form of to be: I’m not – you’re not/you aren’t – he’s not/he isn’t…

Interrogative

To be going to, in the interrogative form, has this structure:
To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

To BeSubjectGoing ToVerbQuestion
Mark
AmIgoing towork?
Areyougoing towork?
Ishegoing towork?
Isshegoing towork?
Isitgoing towork?
Arewegoing towork?
Areyougoing towork?
Aretheygoing towork?

Affirmative

  • I am going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be the boss.
  • We are going to visit your company today.

Negative

  • I am not going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is not going to be the boss.
  • We are not going to visit your company today.

Interrogative

  • Am I going to the shop this weekend?
  • Is he going to be the boss when he grows up?
  • Are we going to visit your company today?

We use be going to when we refer to intentions and future plans that have already been decided.

NOTE: We can use gonna instead of going to in informal contexts.

To Be going to refers to intentions and future plans that have already been decided.

We can use it in its different forms:

  • Affirmative: We start with the subject followed by to be followed by going to and the verb.
  • Negative: We start with the subject followed by to be not followed by going to and the verb.
  • Interrogative: We start with to be followed by the subject followed by going to and the verb (the sentence ends with a question mark).

For example:
— Affirmative: “I am going to go to work.”
— Negative: “I am not going to go to work, I am going to the shop.”
— Interrogative: “Are you going to work?

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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