Unit 7.1

Be going to

Verb Phrase


Introduction

Be going to adalah struktur yang dipakai untuk mengacu pada masa depan.

Form

Afirmatif

Struktur dalam bentuk afirmatif adalah:
Subject + to be + going to + verb + …

  • Bentuk singkat untuk format afirmatif sama dengan bentuk singkat to be: I’m – you’re – he’s…
SubjectTo Begoing toVerb
Iamgoing towork
Youaregoing towork
Heisgoing towork
Sheisgoing towork
Itisgoing towork
Wearegoing towork
Youaregoing towork
Theyaregoing towork

Negatif

Struktur dalam bentuk negatif adalah:
Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …

  • Bentuk singkat untuk format negatif sama dengan bentuk singkat to be: I’m not – you’re not/you aren’t – he’s not/he isn’t…
SubjectTo Be + notgoing toVerb
Iam notgoing towork
Youare notgoing towork
Heis notgoing towork
Sheis notgoing towork
Itis notgoing towork
Weare notgoing towork
Youare notgoing towork
Theyare notgoing towork

Interogatif

Struktur dalam bentuk interogatif adalah:
To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

To BeSubjectgoing toVerbQuestion
Mark
AmIgoing towork?
Areyougoing towork?
Ishegoing towork?
Isshegoing towork?
Isitgoing towork?
Arewegoing towork?
Areyougoing towork?
Aretheygoing towork?

Example

Afirmatif

  • I am going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is going to be the boss.
  • We are going to visit your company today.

Negatif

  • I am not going to the shop this weekend.
  • When he grows up, he is not going to be the boss.
  • We are not going to visit your company today.

Interogatif

  • Am I going to the shop this weekend?
  • Is he going to be the boss when he grows up?
  • Are we going to visit your company today?

Use

Kita menggunakan be going to untuk menyampaikan suatu keinginan atau rencana untuk waktu yang akan datang.

CATATAN: Kita dapat mengganti kata going to dengan gonna dalam konteks informal.

Summary

Be going to mengacu kepada keinginan yang kuat atau rencana untuk waktu yang akan datang.

  • Afirmatif: Subject + to be + going to + verb + …
  • Negatif: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb + …
  • Interogatif: To be + subject + going to + verb + …?

Contoh:
— Afirmatif: “I am going to go to work.”
— Negatif: “I am not going to go to work, I am going to go to the shop.”
— Interogatif: “Are you going to go to work?

Revisi kembali pelajaran ini di bagian {Form}. Perhatikan bagian {Example} tentang cara penggunaannya dalam sebuah konteks kalimat.

License

English Grammar A1 Level for Indonesian speakers Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.

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